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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 8 — Apr. 9, 2012
  • pp: 9328–9334

Broadband multiple-cascaded integration of electroabsorption modulators and high impedance transmission lines by lowering standing-wave effect

Jui-Pin Wu, Rui-Ren Chen, and Yi-Jen Chiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 9328-9334 (2012)

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Standing wave effect of applied electrical field on optical modulation in multiple-cascaded integration (CI) electroabsorption modulator (EAM) and high-impedance transmission line (HITL) has been investigated in this paper. As modulation frequency is increased to the scale that electrical wavelength is in the order of optical modulator length, multiple electrical reflection and self-interference on impedance-mismatch boundaries becomes significant, leading to strong position-dependent field distribution and degrading modulation bandwidth. Sharp bandwidth roll of electrical-optical (EO) conversion by standing wave has been found experimentally in CI structure, consistent with simulation results. By comparing different segment number and length of CI- structure, larger section number of design can overcome such problem to get more flatten bandwidth response. Such simple CI for 300μm long EAM has been demonstrated with flat EO response of −3dB drop 45GHz and −10dB microwave reflection (up to 65GHz) in 6-segement device, suggesting this scheme design is quite useful for efficient broad band modulation.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits
(250.7360) Optoelectronics : Waveguide modulators
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 29, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 3, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2012
Published: April 6, 2012

Jui-Pin Wu, Rui-Ren Chen, and Yi-Jen Chiu, "Broadband multiple-cascaded integration of electroabsorption modulators and high impedance transmission lines by lowering standing-wave effect," Opt. Express 20, 9328-9334 (2012)

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