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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 9 — Apr. 23, 2012
  • pp: 9535–9544

Flat-fields in DASH interferometry

Kenneth D. Marr, Chrisoph R. Englert, and John M. Harlander  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 9, pp. 9535-9544 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.009535


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Abstract

When analyzing the fringe pattern of an interferogram to determine atmospheric wind velocities, inhomogeneities in the optical components and illumination can introduce uncertainty into the results. These variations in the image, which are generally characteristics of the measurement device, are commonly referred to as the “flat-field” of the system. In this work we discuss the effect of this flat-field on measurements made with a Doppler Asymmetric Spatial Heterodyne (DASH) spectrometer. It is found that the flat-field can have a significant effect on any single calculation of the fringe phase, but because the flat-field affects all measurements made with the same system, the uncertainty in the derived wind velocity, which is determined through a comparison of two interferogram fringe phases, typically remains small. Nonetheless, it is recommended to account for the flat-field when analyzing DASH data, if possible. To this end we discuss a method for determining the flat-field using only temperature variations of the system, which is particularly suitable for space-based instruments.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(100.2650) Image processing : Fringe analysis
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(110.2650) Imaging systems : Fringe analysis

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: January 23, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2012
Published: April 11, 2012

Citation
Kenneth D. Marr, Chrisoph R. Englert, and John M. Harlander, "Flat-fields in DASH interferometry," Opt. Express 20, 9535-9544 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-9-9535


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