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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 1 — Jan. 14, 2013
  • pp: 122–128

Unique characteristics of a selective-filling photonic crystal fiber Sagnac interferometer and its application as high sensitivity sensor

Tingting Han, Yan-ge Liu, Zhi Wang, Junqi Guo, Zhifang Wu, Shuanxia Wang, Zhili Li, and Wenyuan Zhou  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 122-128 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.000122


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Abstract

We demonstrate a Sagnac interferometer (SI) based on a selective-filling photonic crystal fiber (SF-PCF), which is achieved by infiltrating a liquid with higher refractive index than background silica into two adjacent air holes of the innermost layer. The SF-PCF guides light by both index-guiding and bandgap-guiding. The modal birefringence of the SF-PCF is decidedly dependent on wavelength, and the modal group birefringence has zero value at a certain wavelength. We also theoretically and experimentally investigate in detail the transmission and temperature characteristics of the SI. Results reveal that the temperature sensitivity of the interference spectrum is also acutely dependent on wavelength and temperature, and an ultrahigh even theoretically infinite sensitivity can be achieved at a certain temperature by choosing proper fiber length. An ultrahigh sensitivity with −26.0 nm/°C (63,882 nm/RIU) at 50.0 °C is experimentally achieved.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 8, 2012
Published: January 2, 2013

Citation
Tingting Han, Yan-ge Liu, Zhi Wang, Junqi Guo, Zhifang Wu, Shuanxia Wang, Zhili Li, and Wenyuan Zhou, "Unique characteristics of a selective-filling photonic crystal fiber Sagnac interferometer and its application as high sensitivity sensor," Opt. Express 21, 122-128 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-1-122


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