OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 1 — Jan. 14, 2013
  • pp: 263–269

Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 263-269 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.000263


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (5547 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Data centers have to sustain the rapid growth of data traffic due to the increasing demand of bandwidth-hungry internet services. The current intra-data center fat tree topology causes communication bottlenecks in the server interaction process, power-hungry O-E-O conversions that limit the minimum latency and the power efficiency of these systems. In this paper we numerically and experimentally investigate an optical packet switch architecture with modular structure and highly distributed control that allow configuration times in the order of nanoseconds. Numerical results indicate that the candidate architecture scaled over 4000 ports, provides an overall throughput over 50 Tb/s and a packet loss rate below 10−6 while assuring sub-microsecond latency. We present experimental results that demonstrate the feasibility of a 16x16 optical packet switch based on parallel 1x4 integrated optical cross-connect modules. Error-free operations can be achieved with 4 dB penalty while the overall energy consumption is of 66 pJ/b. Based on those results, we discuss feasibility to scale the architecture to a much larger port count.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(060.6719) Fiber optics and optical communications : Switching, packet

ToC Category:
Subsystems for Optical Networks

History
Original Manuscript: October 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2012
Published: January 4, 2013

Virtual Issues
European Conference on Optical Communication 2012 (2012) Optics Express

Citation
S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, "Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers," Opt. Express 21, 263-269 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-1-263


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials3(13), 311–336 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. L. A. Barroso and U. Hölze, “The datacenter as a computer: an introduction to the design of warehouse-scale machines,” Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architectures4(1), 1–108 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Luijten, W. E. Denzel, R. R. Grzybowski, and R. Hemenway, “Optical interconnection network: The OSMOSIS project,” Lasers and Electro-Optics Society2, 563–564 (2004).
  4. H. Wang, A. Wonfor, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Demonstration of a lossless monolithic 16x16 QW SOA switch,” Proceedings ECOC 2009, PD 1.7, Vienna, Austria, 2009.
  5. S. C. Nicholes, M. L. Mašanović, B. Jevremović, E. Lively, L. A. Coldren, and D. J. Blumenthal, “The world’s first InP 8x8 monolithic tunable optical router (MOTOR) operating at 40 Gbps line rate per port,” Proceedings OFC 2009 post deadline paper B1, San Diego, USA, 2009.
  6. J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. E. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, “Optical switch fabrics for ultra-highcapacity IP routers,” JLT21, 2839–2850 (2003).
  7. C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data Centers,” IEEE Communication Surveys & Tutorials PP, no. 99, 1–16, 2012.
  8. J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, J. Ramirez, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Low latency and large port count optical packet switch with highly distributed control,” Proceedings OFC 2012, OW3J.2, Los Angeles, USA, 2012.
  9. OMNeT + + Network Simulation Framework, http://www.omnetpp.org/ .
  10. J. Luo, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Optical RF tone in-band labeling for large-scale and low-latency optical packet switches,” JLT 30, 16, 2012.
  11. S. Di Lucente, N. Calabretta, J. A. C. Resing, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scaling low-latency optical packet switches to a thousand ports,” JOCN 4, no. 9, 2012.
  12. T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding data center traffic characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM, 2010.
  13. T. Benson, A. Akella, and D. A. Maltz, “Network traffic characteristics of data centers in the wild,” in Proc. Internet Measurement Conference (IMC), Melbourne, Australia, 2010.
  14. R. Pueyo Centelles, S. Di Lucente, H. J. S. Dorren and N. Calabretta, “On the performance of a large-scale optical packet switch under realistic data center traffic,” (submitted).
  15. A. Rohit, A. Albores-Mejia, J. Bolk, X. Leijtens, and K. Williams, “Multi-path Routing in a Monolithically Integrated 4x4 Broadcast and Select WDM Cross-connect,” Proceedings ECOC 2011, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
  16. N. Kikuci, Y. Shibata, Y. Tomori, “Monolithically Integrated 64-channel WDM Channel Selector,” NTT R D 51, 11, 2003.
  17. N. Calabretta, R. Stabile, A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, and H. J. S. Dorren, “InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector based on periodic optical filter and optical switch chain,” Opt. Express19(26issue 26), B531–B536 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Matsuura, N. Kishi, and T. Miki, “Ultra-Wideband Wavelength Conversion over 300 nm by Cascaded SOA-Based Wavelength Converters,” PDP OFC 2006, Anaheim, USA, 2006.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited