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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 1 — Jan. 14, 2013
  • pp: 445–453

Exploration of water jet generated by Q-switched laser induced water breakdown with different depths beneath a flat free surface

Ross C. C. Chen, Y. T. Yu, K. W. Su, J. F. Chen, and Y. F. Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 445-453 (2013)

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The dynamics of a water jet on a flat free surface are investigated using a nanosecond pulsed laser for creating an oscillating bubble with different depths beneath the free surface. A thin jet is shown to deform a crater surface resulted from surface depression and cause a circular ring-shaped crater on the connection surface between the crater of surface depression and the thin jet. The collapse of this circular ring-shaped crater is proposed to the crown-like formation around a thick jet. The evolution of the bubble depth suggests a classification of four distinctive ranges of the bubble depths: non-crown formation when the parameter of bubble depth over the maximum bubble radius γ ≤ 0.5, unstable crown formation when 0.5 ≤ γ ≤ 0.6, crown-like structure with a complete crown wall when 0.6 ≤ γ ≤ 1.1, and non-crown formation when 1.1 ≤ γ. Furthermore, the orientation of the crown wall gradually turns counterclockwise to vertical direction with increasing γ from 0.5 to 1.1, implying a high correlation between the orientation of the crown wall and the depth of the bubble. This correlation is explained and discussed by the directional change of the jet eruption from the collapse of circular ring-shaped crater.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(170.6920) Medical optics and biotechnology : Time-resolved imaging
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 19, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2012
Published: January 4, 2013

Ross C. C. Chen, Y. T. Yu, K. W. Su, J. F. Chen, and Y. F. Chen, "Exploration of water jet generated by Q-switched laser induced water breakdown with different depths beneath a flat free surface," Opt. Express 21, 445-453 (2013)

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