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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 1 — Jan. 14, 2013
  • pp: 519–532

Splice loss requirements in multi-mode fiber mode-division-multiplex transmission links

Stefan Warm and Klaus Petermann  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 519-532 (2013)

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We investigate numerically the influence of fiber splices and fiber connectors to the statistics of mode dependent loss (MDL) and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) outage capacity in mode multiplexed multi-mode fiber links. Our results indicate required splice losses much lower than currently feasible to achieve a reasonable outage capacity in long-haul transmission systems. Splice losses as low as 0.03dB may effectively lead to an outage of MIMO channels after only a few hundred kilometers transmission length. In a first approximation, the relative capacity solely depends on the accumulated splice loss and should be less than ≈ 2dB to ensure a relative capacity of 90%. We also show that discrete mode permutation (mixing) within the transmission line may effectively increase the maximum transmission distance by a factor of 5 for conventional splice losses.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: November 12, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 12, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2012
Published: January 7, 2013

Stefan Warm and Klaus Petermann, "Splice loss requirements in multi-mode fiber mode-division-multiplex transmission links," Opt. Express 21, 519-532 (2013)

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