OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — May. 20, 2013
  • pp: 12077–12084

In-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguides

Takeshi Umeki, Masaki Asobe, and Hirokazu Takenouchi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 12077-12084 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2065 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate a χ(2)-based in-line PSA with a carrier-recovery and phase-locking system for a phase shift keying (PSK) signal. By doubling the signal phase using a wavelength conversion technique, the carrier was recovered from a PSK signal. The carrier phase was synchronized to a local oscillator using optical injection locking. Phase sensitive amplification with a wide phase sensitive dynamic range of 20 dB was achieved using degenerate parametric amplification in a periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) waveguide. The phase regeneration effect was examined for a degraded signal by means of constellation analyses and bit-error rate measurements. The in-line PSA also operated successfully as a repeater amplifier in a 160 km fiber link without a power penalty. Finally, we demonstrate the regeneration of non-linear impairments induced by fiber non-linearity.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: March 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 2, 2013
Published: May 10, 2013

Takeshi Umeki, Masaki Asobe, and Hirokazu Takenouchi, "In-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguides," Opt. Express 21, 12077-12084 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng.37(1), 10–21 (1949).
  2. C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, “Phase noise in photonic communications systems using linear amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.15(23), 1351–1353 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett.35(22), 1954–1955 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(11), 864–866 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Slavík, J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, L. G-. Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. Vojtech, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Field-trial of an all optical PSK regenerator in a 40 Gbit/s, 38 channel DWDM transmission experiment,” In Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2011, Los Angeles, USA) PDP paper PDPA7.
  9. G. S. Kanter, P. Kumar, R. Roussev, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. Fejer, “Squeezing in a LiNbO3 integrated optical waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express10(3), 177–182 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, and M. Asobe, “Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using directly-bonded PPLN ridge waveguides,” Opt. Express19(7), 6326–6332 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Asobe, T. Umeki, and O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express20(12), 13164–13172 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(8), 1003–1008 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited