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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — May. 20, 2013
  • pp: 12363–12372

Concentration of broadband terahertz radiation using a periodic array of conically tapered apertures

Shuchang Liu, Z. Valy Vardeny, and Ajay Nahata  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 12363-12372 (2013)

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We describe the optical concentration properties of periodic arrays of conically tapered metallic apertures measured using terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy. As a first step in this process, we optimize the geometrical properties of individual apertures, keeping the output aperture diameter fixed, and find that the optimal taper angle is 30°. A consequence of increasing the taper angle is that the effective cutoff frequency red shifts, which can be readily explained using conventional waveguide theory. We then fabricate and measure the transmission properties of a periodic (hexagonal) array of optimized tapered apertures. In contrast to periodic arrays of subwavelength apertures in thin metal films, which are characterized by narrowband transmission resonances associated with the periodic spacing, here we observe broadband enhanced transmission above the effective cutoff frequency. Further enhancement in the concentration capabilities of the array can be achieved by tilting the apertures towards the array center, although the optical throughput of individual tapered apertures is reduced with increasing tilt angle. Finally, we discuss possible future directions that utilize cascaded structures, as a means for obtaining further enhancement in the amplitude of the transmitted THz radiation.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(260.3090) Physical optics : Infrared, far

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: March 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 7, 2013
Published: May 13, 2013

Shuchang Liu, Z. Valy Vardeny, and Ajay Nahata, "Concentration of broadband terahertz radiation using a periodic array of conically tapered apertures," Opt. Express 21, 12363-12372 (2013)

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