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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — May. 20, 2013
  • pp: 12385–12394

Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres

N. Duane Loh, Dmitri Starodub, Lukas Lomb, Christina Y. Hampton, Andrew V. Martin, Raymond G. Sierra, Anton Barty, Andrew Aquila, Joachim Schulz, Jan Steinbrener, Robert L. Shoeman, Stephan Kassemeyer, Christoph Bostedt, John Bozek, Sascha W. Epp, Benjamin Erk, Robert Hartmann, Daniel Rolles, Artem Rudenko, Benedikt Rudek, Lutz Foucar, Nils Kimmel, Georg Weidenspointner, Guenter Hauser, Peter Holl, Emanuele Pedersoli, Mengning Liang, Mark S. Hunter, Lars Gumprecht, Nicola Coppola, Cornelia Wunderer, Heinz Graafsma, Filipe R.N.C. Maia, Tomas Ekeberg, Max Hantke, Holger Fleckenstein, Helmut Hirsemann, Karol Nass, Thomas A. White, Herbert J. Tobias, George R. Farquar, W. Henry Benner, Stefan Hau-Riege, Christian Reich, Andreas Hartmann, Heike Soltau, Stefano Marchesini, Sasa Bajt, Miriam Barthelmess, Lothar Strueder, Joachim Ullrich, Philip Bucksbaum, Matthias Frank, Ilme Schlichting, Henry N. Chapman, and Michael J. Bogan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 12385-12394 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.012385


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Abstract

Characterizing intense, focused x-ray free electron laser (FEL) pulses is crucial for their use in diffractive imaging. We describe how the distribution of average phase tilts and intensities on hard x-ray pulses with peak intensities of 1021 W/m2 can be retrieved from an ensemble of diffraction patterns produced by 70 nm-radius polystyrene spheres, in a manner that mimics wavefront sensors. Besides showing that an adaptive geometric correction may be necessary for diffraction data from randomly injected sample sources, our paper demonstrates the possibility of collecting statistics on structured pulses using only the diffraction patterns they generate and highlights the imperative to study its impact on single-particle diffractive imaging.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing
(030.6600) Coherence and statistical optics : Statistical optics
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(110.1650) Imaging systems : Coherence imaging
(110.7440) Imaging systems : X-ray imaging
(140.2600) Lasers and laser optics : Free-electron lasers (FELs)
(110.1758) Imaging systems : Computational imaging

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 17, 2013
Published: May 13, 2013

Citation
N. Duane Loh, Dmitri Starodub, Lukas Lomb, Christina Y. Hampton, Andrew V. Martin, Raymond G. Sierra, Anton Barty, Andrew Aquila, Joachim Schulz, Jan Steinbrener, Robert L. Shoeman, Stephan Kassemeyer, Christoph Bostedt, John Bozek, Sascha W. Epp, Benjamin Erk, Robert Hartmann, Daniel Rolles, Artem Rudenko, Benedikt Rudek, Lutz Foucar, Nils Kimmel, Georg Weidenspointner, Guenter Hauser, Peter Holl, Emanuele Pedersoli, Mengning Liang, Mark S. Hunter, Lars Gumprecht, Nicola Coppola, Cornelia Wunderer, Heinz Graafsma, Filipe R.N.C. Maia, Tomas Ekeberg, Max Hantke, Holger Fleckenstein, Helmut Hirsemann, Karol Nass, Thomas A. White, Herbert J. Tobias, George R. Farquar, W. Henry Benner, Stefan Hau-Riege, Christian Reich, Andreas Hartmann, Heike Soltau, Stefano Marchesini, Sasa Bajt, Miriam Barthelmess, Lothar Strueder, Joachim Ullrich, Philip Bucksbaum, Matthias Frank, Ilme Schlichting, Henry N. Chapman, and Michael J. Bogan, "Sensing the wavefront of x-ray free-electron lasers using aerosol spheres," Opt. Express 21, 12385-12394 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-10-12385


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