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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Christian Seassal
  • Vol. 21, Iss. S5 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: A841–A846

Nano-photonic light trapping near the Lambertian limit in organic solar cell architectures

Rana Biswas and Erik Timmons  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue S5, pp. A841-A846 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.00A841


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Abstract

A critical step to achieving higher efficiency solar cells is the broad band harvesting of solar photons. Although considerable progress has recently been achieved in improving the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells, these cells still do not absorb upto ~50% of the solar spectrum. We have designed and developed an organic solar cell architecture that can boost the absorption of photons by 40% and the photo-current by 50% for organic P3HT-PCBM absorber layers of typical device thicknesses. Our solar cell architecture is based on all layers of the solar cell being patterned in a conformal two-dimensionally periodic photonic crystal architecture. This results in very strong diffraction of photons- that increases the photon path length in the absorber layer, and plasmonic light concentration near the patterned organic-metal cathode interface. The absorption approaches the Lambertian limit. The simulations utilize a rigorous scattering matrix approach and provide bounds of the fundamental limits of nano-photonic light absorption in periodically textured organic solar cells. This solar cell architecture has the potential to increase the power conversion efficiency to 10% for single band gap organic solar cells utilizing long-wavelength absorbers.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:
Light Trapping for Photovoltaics

History
Original Manuscript: May 10, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 25, 2013
Published: August 14, 2013

Citation
Rana Biswas and Erik Timmons, "Nano-photonic light trapping near the Lambertian limit in organic solar cell architectures," Opt. Express 21, A841-A846 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-S5-A841


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