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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 11 — Jun. 3, 2013
  • pp: 13005–13017

Single pulse coherence measurements in the water window at the free-electron laser FLASH

D. D. Mai, J. Hallmann, T. Reusch, M. Osterhoff, S. Düsterer, R. Treusch, A. Singer, M. Beckers, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, R. Dronyak, J. Gulden, O. M. Yefanov, A. Al-Shemmary, A. Rosenhahn, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, and T. Salditt  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 11, pp. 13005-13017 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.013005


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Abstract

The spatial coherence of free-electron laser radiation in the water window spectral range was studied, using the third harmonic (λ3rd = 2.66 nm) of DESY’s Free-electron LASer in Hamburg (FLASH). Coherent single pulse diffraction patterns of 1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) multilamellar lipid stacks have been recorded. The intensity histogram of the speckle pattern around the first lamellar Bragg peak, corresponding to the d = 5 nm periodicity of the stack, reveals an average number of transverse modes of = 3.0 of the 3rd harmonic. Using the lipid stack as a ’monochromator’, pulse-to-pulse fluctuations in the third harmonic λ3rd have been determined to be 0.033 nm.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(030.0030) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence and statistical optics
(030.6140) Coherence and statistical optics : Speckle
(140.2600) Lasers and laser optics : Free-electron lasers (FELs)
(160.1435) Materials : Biomaterials

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 8, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 11, 2013
Published: May 20, 2013

Citation
D. D. Mai, J. Hallmann, T. Reusch, M. Osterhoff, S. Düsterer, R. Treusch, A. Singer, M. Beckers, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, R. Dronyak, J. Gulden, O. M. Yefanov, A. Al-Shemmary, A. Rosenhahn, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, and T. Salditt, "Single pulse coherence measurements in the water window at the free-electron laser FLASH," Opt. Express 21, 13005-13017 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-11-13005


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