OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 12 — Jun. 17, 2013
  • pp: 14512–14529

Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links

Samuel L. I. Olsson, Bill Corcoran, Carl Lundström, Ekawit Tipsuwannakul, Stylianos Sygletos, Andrew D. Ellis, Zhi Tong, Magnus Karlsson, and Peter A. Andrekson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 12, pp. 14512-14529 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.014512


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1399 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An injection locking-based pump recovery system for phase-sensitive amplified links, capable of handling 40 dB effective span loss, is demonstrated. Measurements with 10 GBd DQPSK signals show penalty-free recovery of a pump wave, phase modulated with two sinusoidal RF-tones at 0.1 GHz and 0.3 GHz, with 64 dB amplification. The operating power limit for the pump recovery system is experimentally investigated and is governed by the noise transfer and phase modulation transfer characteristics of the injection-locked laser. The corresponding link penalties are explained and quantified. This system enables, for the first time, WDM compatible phase-sensitive amplified links over significant lengths.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: April 4, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 5, 2013
Published: June 11, 2013

Citation
Samuel L. I. Olsson, Bill Corcoran, Carl Lundström, Ekawit Tipsuwannakul, Stylianos Sygletos, Andrew D. Ellis, Zhi Tong, Magnus Karlsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, "Injection locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitive amplified links," Opt. Express 21, 14512-14529 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-12-14512


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D26, 1817–1839 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers (John Wiley & Sons, 1994).
  3. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett35, 1954–1955 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Lovering, J. A Levenson, P. Vidakovic, J. Webjörn, and P. St. J. Russell, “Noiseless optical amplification in quasi-phase-matched bulk lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett.21, 1439–1441 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express13, 7563–7571 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, and P. Kumar, “Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OML3.
  12. R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Express13, 10483–10493 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express18, 15426–15439 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, and Z. Tong, “Field-quadrature and photon-number correlations produced by parametric processes,” Opt. Express18, 19792–19823 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3. [CrossRef]
  16. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18, 14820–14835 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Optical phase-sensitive amplifier with pump laser phase-locked to input signal light,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), (Optical Society of America, 1997), 98–101.
  19. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3. [CrossRef]
  21. S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Amplitude-squeezed, frequency-modulated, tunable, diode-laser-based source for sub-shot-noise FM spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett.22, 478–480 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012). [CrossRef]
  24. E. K. Lau and M. C. Wu, “Amplitude and frequency modulation of the master laser in injection-locked laser systems,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (2004), 142–145.
  25. M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, “Modulation transfer characteristics of injection-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Commun.267, 455–463 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.
  27. B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4. [CrossRef]
  28. S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1. [CrossRef]
  29. S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, “Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering,” in Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun., (1995), 110–111.
  30. A. Furusawa, “Amplitude squeezing of a semiconductor laser with light injection,” Opt. Lett.21, 2014–2016 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited