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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 12 — Jun. 17, 2013
  • pp: 15026–15036

Hyperbolic metamaterial lens with hydrodynamic nonlocal response

Wei Yan, N. Asger Mortensen, and Martijn Wubs  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 12, pp. 15026-15036 (2013)

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We investigate the effects of hydrodynamic nonlocal response in hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs), focusing on the experimentally realizable parameter regime where unit cells are much smaller than an optical wavelength but much larger than the wavelengths of the longitudinal pressure waves of the free-electron plasma in the metal constituents. We derive the nonlocal corrections to the effective material parameters analytically, and illustrate the noticeable nonlocal effects on the dispersion curves numerically. As an application, we find that the focusing characteristics of a HMM lens in the local-response approximation and in the hydrodynamic Drude model can differ considerably. In particular, the optimal frequency for imaging in the nonlocal theory is blueshifted with respect to that in the local theory. Thus, to detect whether nonlocal response is at work in a hyperbolic metamaterial, we propose to measure the near-field distribution of a hyperbolic metamaterial lens.

© 2013 osa

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Original Manuscript: April 18, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 15, 2013
Published: June 17, 2013

Virtual Issues
Hyperbolic Metamaterials (2013) Optics Express

Wei Yan, N. Asger Mortensen, and Martijn Wubs, "Hyperbolic metamaterial lens with hydrodynamic nonlocal response," Opt. Express 21, 15026-15036 (2013)

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