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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2013
  • pp: 15259–15267

Formation of nanogratings in a transparent material with tunable ionization property by femtosecond laser irradiation

Fadhil A. Umran, Yang Liao, Mazin M. Elias, Koji Sugioka, Razvan Stoian, Guanghua Cheng, and Ya Cheng  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 13, pp. 15259-15267 (2013)

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Irradiation inside some transparent materials such as fused silica can induce nanograting structures at the focal area. Here, we investigate experimentally how the nanograting formation can be influenced by tuning the ionization property of the transparent material, which is achieved by irradiation inside a porous glass immersed in water doped with NaCl at variable concentrations. Our results show that the doping of NaCl not only reduces the threshold fluence of optical breakdown, but also leads to nanograting structures with shorter periods. These effects may be attributed to the enhanced photoionization in water doped with NaCl.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

Original Manuscript: May 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 8, 2013
Published: June 18, 2013

Fadhil A. Umran, Yang Liao, Mazin M. Elias, Koji Sugioka, Razvan Stoian, Guanghua Cheng, and Ya Cheng, "Formation of nanogratings in a transparent material with tunable ionization property by femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 21, 15259-15267 (2013)

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