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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2013
  • pp: 16814–16830

Linear optical pulse compression based on temporal zone plates

Bo Li, Ming Li, Shuqin Lou, and José Azaña  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 14, pp. 16814-16830 (2013)

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We propose and demonstrate time-domain equivalents of spatial zone plates, namely temporal zone plates, as alternatives to conventional time lenses. Both temporal intensity zone plates, based on intensity-only temporal modulation, and temporal phase zone plates, based on phase-only temporal modulation, are introduced and studied. Temporal zone plates do not exhibit the limiting tradeoff between temporal aperture and frequency bandwidth (temporal resolution) of conventional linear time lenses. As a result, these zone plates can be ideally designed to offer a time-bandwidth product (TBP) as large as desired, practically limited by the achievable temporal modulation bandwidth (limiting the temporal resolution) and the amount of dispersion needed in the target processing systems (limiting the temporal aperture). We numerically and experimentally demonstrate linear optical pulse compression by using temporal zone plates based on linear electro-optic temporal modulation followed by fiber-optics dispersion. In the pulse-compression experiment based on temporal phase zone plates, we achieve a resolution of ~25.5 ps over a temporal aperture of ~5.77 ns, representing an experimental TBP larger than 226 using a phase-modulation amplitude of only ~0.8π rad. We also numerically study the potential of these devices to achieve temporal imaging of optical waveforms and present a comparative analysis on the performance of different temporal intensity and phase zone plates.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(070.1170) Fourier optics and signal processing : Analog optical signal processing
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(110.6915) Imaging systems : Time imaging

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: May 1, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 27, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 28, 2013
Published: July 5, 2013

Bo Li, Ming Li, Shuqin Lou, and José Azaña, "Linear optical pulse compression based on temporal zone plates," Opt. Express 21, 16814-16830 (2013)

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