OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 15 — Jul. 29, 2013
  • pp: 17639–17646

Super-resolving single nitrogen vacancy centers within single nanodiamonds using a localization microscope

Min Gu, Yaoyu Cao, Stefania Castelletto, Betty Kouskousis, and Xiangping Li  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 15, pp. 17639-17646 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.017639


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1753 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we show super-resolving single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers with a sub-20 nanometer resolution in a wide-field localization microscope based on the discovery of photoluminescence blinking in high-pressure high-temperature nanodiamonds (NDs). The photon statistics reveals that NDs containing not only single but also multiple NV centers show photoluminescence blinking. The combination of an atomic force microscope and an optical localization microscope built on the blinking feature enables the optically resolved two NV centers within single NDs for the first time. Our method establishes new avenues for studying nanoscale photon dynamics associated with single NV centers within NDs together with ND-based ultra-sensitive bioimaging devices.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(180.2520) Microscopy : Fluorescence microscopy
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Microscopy

History
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 29, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 7, 2013
Published: July 16, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Min Gu, Yaoyu Cao, Stefania Castelletto, Betty Kouskousis, and Xiangping Li, "Super-resolving single nitrogen vacancy centers within single nanodiamonds using a localization microscope," Opt. Express 21, 17639-17646 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-15-17639


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. R. Maze, P. L. Stanwix, J. S. Hodges, S. Hong, J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Jiang, M. V. G. Dutt, E. Togan, A. S. Zibrov, A. Yacoby, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond,” Nature455(7213), 644–647 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. M. Nusran, M. U. Momeen, and M. V. G. Dutt, “High-dynamic-range magnetometry with a single electronic spin in diamond,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(2), 109–113 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. R. Chang, H. Y. Lee, K. Chen, C. C. Chang, D. S. Tsai, C. C. Fu, T. S. Lim, Y. K. Tzeng, C. Y. Fang, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, and W. Fann, “Mass production and dynamic imaging of fluorescent nanodiamonds,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(5), 284–288 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. P. McGuinness, Y. Yan, A. Stacey, D. A. Simpson, L. T. Hall, D. Maclaurin, S. Prawer, P. Mulvaney, J. Wrachtrup, F. Caruso, R. E. Scholten, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, “Quantum measurement and orientation tracking of fluorescent nanodiamonds inside living cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6(6), 358–363 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature455(7213), 648–651 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Rittweger, K. Y. Han, S. E. Irvine, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy reveals crystal colour centres with nanometric resolution,” Nat. Photonics3(3), 144–147 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. K. Tzeng, O. Faklaris, B. M. Chang, Y. Kuo, J. H. Hsu, and H. C. Chang, “Superresolution imaging of albumin-conjugated fluorescent nanodiamonds in cells by stimulated emission depletion,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(10), 2262–2265 (2011). [PubMed]
  8. K. Y. Han, K. I. Willig, E. Rittweger, F. Jelezko, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Three-dimensional stimulated emission depletion microscopy of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond using continuous-wave light,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3323–3329 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.-J. Greffet, J.-P. Hugonin, M. Besbes, N. D. Lai, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, “Diamond particles as nanoantennas for nitrogen-vacancy color centers,” arXiv:1107.0502v1 (2011).
  10. E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313(5793), 1642–1645 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3(10), 793–796 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. A. Lidke, B. Rieger, T. M. Jovin, and R. Heintzmann, “Superresolution by localization of quantum dots using blinking statistics,” Opt. Express13(18), 7052–7062 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, “Fast, background-free, 3D super-resolution optical fluctuation imaging (SOFI),” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(52), 22287–22292 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. H. Chen, O. Gaathon, M. E. Trusheim, and D. Englund, “Wide-Field Multispectral Super-Resolution Imaging Using Spin-Dependent Fluorescence in Nanodiamonds,” Nano Lett.13(5), 2073–2077 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. B. Kouskousis, X. Li, S. Castelletto, and M. Gu, “Nanoscopic localisation and characterisation of nanoparticle embedded photonic materials,” in Quantum Electronics Conference & Lasers and Electro-Optics (Melbourne, 2011), pp. 219–220. [CrossRef]
  16. C. Bradac, T. Gaebel, C. I. Pakes, J. M. Say, A. V. Zvyagin, and J. R. Rabeau, “Effect of the nanodiamond host on a nitrogen-vacancy color-centre emission state,” Small9(1), 132–139 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Bradac, T. Gaebel, N. Naidoo, M. J. Sellars, J. Twamley, L. J. Brown, A. S. Barnard, T. Plakhotnik, A. V. Zvyagin, and J. R. Rabeau, “Observation and control of blinking nitrogen-vacancy centres in discrete nanodiamonds,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(5), 345–349 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, S. T. Johnson, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “Modeling distributed kinetics in isolated semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter67(12), 125304 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, “"On”/”off” fluorescence intermittency of single semiconductor quantum dots,” J. Chem. Phys.115(2), 1028–1040 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles, W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter63(20), 205316 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Verberk, A. M. Van Oijen, and M. Orrit, “Simple model for the power-law blinking of single semiconductor nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter66(23), 233202 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. P. Siyushev, H. Pinto, A. Gali, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Low Temperature Studies of Charge Dynamics of Nitrogen-Vacancy Defect in Diamond,” arXiv:1204.4898v1 (2012).
  23. G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. H. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Dark states of single nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond unraveled by single shot NMR,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 157601 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. Grotz, M. V. Hauf, M. Dankerl, B. Naydenov, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, M. Stutzmann, F. Reinhard, and J. A. Garrido, “Charge state manipulation of qubits in diamond,” Nat Commun3, 729 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(2), 290–293 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. Čižmár, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, “In situ wavefront correction and its application to micromanipulation,” Nat. Photonics4(6), 388–394 (2010). [CrossRef]
  27. B. P. Kouskousis, J. van Embden, D. Morrish, S. M. Russell, and M. Gu, “Super-resolution imaging and statistical analysis of CdSe/CdS Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” J Biophotonics3(7), 437–445 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. M. Mansfield and G. S. Kino, “Solid immersion microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett.57(24), 2615–2616 (1990). [CrossRef]
  29. S. A. Jones, S.-H. Shim, J. He, and X. Zhuang, “Fast, three-dimensional super-resolution imaging of live cells,” Nat. Methods8(6), 499–505 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited