OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 15 — Jul. 29, 2013
  • pp: 18281–18289

Up-conversion luminescence of Er3+-Yb3+ co-doped CaIn2O4

Ting Li, Chongfeng Guo, and Lin Li  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 15, pp. 18281-18289 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1775 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Up-conversion emission spectra of Er3+ singly and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped CaIn2O4 were investigated under a 980 nm diode laser excitation. Double intense UC emission bands in green and red region are observed in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped CaIn2O4, resulting in the tunable ratio of red to green and the chromaticity coordinates by adjusting the concentration of Er3+ and Yb3+. Based on the pump power dependence, the possible UC mechanism in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped CaIn2O4 was proposed, and lifetime measurements were also carried out to support our proposal.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 17, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 12, 2013
Published: July 23, 2013

Ting Li, Chongfeng Guo, and Lin Li, "Up-conversion luminescence of Er3+-Yb3+ co-doped CaIn2O4," Opt. Express 21, 18281-18289 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 139–174 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Haase and H. Schäfer, “Upconverting nanoparticles,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(26), 5808–5829 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. J. C. Goldschmidt, S. Fischer, P. Löper, K. W. Krämer, D. Biner, M. Hermle, and S. W. Glunz, “Experimental analysis of up-conversion with both coherent monochromatic irradiation and broad spectrum illumination,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1960–1963 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Wang, G. Abbineni, A. Clevenger, C. B. Mao, and S. K. Xu, “Up-conversion nanoparticles: synthesis, surface modification and biological applications,” Nanomedicine: NBM7(6), 710–729 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. F. Li, Y. Z. Wang, B. Q. Yao, and Y. M. Liu, “Up-conversion spectrum of Tm, Ho: GdVO4 pumped by pulse and CW laser at 800 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(8), 597–599 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Q. Chen, Y. L. Yu, F. Huang, P. Huang, A. P. Yang, Z. X. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Mono-disperse up-conversion Er3+/Yb3+:MFCl (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) nanocrystals synthesized via a seed-based chlorination route,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11083–11085 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B62(2), 856–864 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. M. C. Tan, L. Al-Baroudi, and R. E. Riman, “Surfactant effects on efficiency enhancement of infrared-to-visible upconversion emissions of NaYF4:Yb-Er,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(10), 3910–3915 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. J. Kong, J. N. Shan, and Y. G. Ju, “Flame synthesis and effects of host materials on Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped upconversion nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett.64(6), 688–691 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. C. H. Liang, Y. C. Chang, and Y. S. Chang, “Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of color-tunable BaY2ZnO5: Eu3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(21), 211902 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. C. F. Guo, X. Ding, and Y. Xu, “Luminescent properties of Eu3+-doped BaLn2ZnO5 (Ln = La, Gd, and Y) phosphors by the sol-gel method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(6), 1708–1713 (2010).
  13. X. M. Liu, C. K. Lin, and J. Lin, “White light emission from Eu3+ in CaIn2O4 host lattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(8), 081904 (2007).
  14. A. Birkel, A. A. Mikhailovsky, and A. K. Cheetham, “Infrared to visible up-conversion luminescence properties in the system Ln2BaZnO5 (Ln = La, Gd),” Chem. Phys. Lett.477(4–6), 325–329 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. Etchart, A. Huignard, M. Bérard, M. N. Nordin, I. Hernández, R. J. Curry, W. P. Gillin, and A. K. Cheetham, “Oxide phosphors for efficient light up-conversion: Yb3+ and Er3+ co-doped Ln2BaZnO5 (Ln = Y, Gd),” J. Mater. Chem.20(19), 3989–3994 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Y. Chen, G. Somesfalean, Y. Liu, Z. G. Zhang, Q. Sun, and F. P. Wang, “Upconversion mechanism for two-color emission in rare-earth-ion-doped ZrO2 nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. B75(19), 195204 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. P. Li, J. H. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. S. Luo, X. G. Ren, H. F. Zhao, X. J. Wang, L. D. Sun, and C. H. Yan, “Near-infrared to visible up-conversion in Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped Lu2O3 nanocrystals: enhanced red color up-conversion and three-photon process in green color up-conversion,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4413–4418 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Yang, C. M. Zhang, C. Peng, C. X. Li, L. L. Wang, R. T. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white up-conversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry15(18), 4649–4655 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, Y. G. Zhang, G. Somesfalean, Z. G. Zhang, Q. Sun, and F. P. Wang, “Bright white up-conversion luminescence in rare-earth-ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(13), 133103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. J. P. Wittke, I. Ladany, and P. N. Yocom, “Y2O3: Yb: Er-new red-emitting infrared-excited phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.43(2), 595–600 (1972). [CrossRef]
  21. R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, P. A. Waide, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, and W. K. Bischel, “Up-conversion-pumped luminescence efficiency of rare-earth-doped hosts sensitized with trivalent ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15(3), 996–1008 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. V. Singh, V. K. Rai, and M. Haase, “Intense green and red up-conversion emission of Er3+, Yb3+ co-doped CaZrO3 obtained by a solution combustion reaction,” J. Appl. Phys.112(6), 063105 (2012). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Guo and Y. M. Qiao, “Preparation, characterization, and strong up-conversion of mono-disperse Y2O3: Er3+, Yb3+ microspheres,” Opt. Mater.31(4), 583–589 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. X. M. Liu, C. X. Li, Z. W. Quan, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence properties of CaIn2O4: Eu3+ phosphors,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(44), 16601–16607 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Baszczuk, M. Jasiorski, M. Nyk, J. Hanuza, M. Mączka, and W. Stręk, “Luminescence properties of europium activated SrIn2O4,” J. Alloy. Comp.394(1–2), 88–92 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, J. W. Eun, J. H. Lee, S. Y. Lee, T. H. Heo, B. G. Choi, and K. B. Shim, “Green up-conversion luminescence from poly-crystalline Yb3+, Er3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” J. Alloy. Comp.522, 30–34 (2012). [CrossRef]
  27. F. Vetrone, J. C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Concentration-dependent near- infrared to visible up-conversion in nanocrystalline and bulk Y2O3: Er3+,” Chem. Mater.15(14), 2737–2743 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Up-conversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin.117(1), 1–12 (2006). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Güdel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of up-conversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B61(5), 3337–3346 (2000). [CrossRef]
  30. H. Guo, N. Dong, M. Yin, W. P. Zhang, L. R. Lou, and S. D. Xia, “Visible up-conversion in rare earth ion-doped Gd2O3 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(50), 19205–19209 (2004). [CrossRef]
  31. X. S. Qiao, X. P. Fan, Z. Xue, X. H. Xu, and Q. Luo, “Up-conversion luminescence of Yb3+/Tb3+/Er3+-doped fluorosilicate glass ceramics containing SrF2 nanocrystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(14), 4714–4721 (2011). [CrossRef]
  32. W. M. Yen, S. Shionoya, and H. Yamamoto, Phosphor Handbook, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2007), Chap. 14.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited