OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 15 — Jul. 29, 2013
  • pp: 18532–18537

Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics

Beibei Xu, Jianhua Hao, Shifeng Zhou, and Jianrong Qiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 15, pp. 18532-18537 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1037 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence has been observed in bismuth (Bi)-doped germanate thin-films prepared by pulsed laser deposition. The films are compatible with various types of substrates, including conventional dielectrics (LaAlO3, silica) and semiconductors (Si, GaAs). The emission peak position of the films can be finely tuned by changing oxygen partial pressure during the deposition, while the excitation wavelength locates from ultra-violet to near-infrared regions. The physical mechanism behind the observed infrared luminescence of the Bi-doped films, differing from that of the as-made glass, is discussed.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: May 13, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 17, 2013
Published: July 26, 2013

Beibei Xu, Jianhua Hao, Shifeng Zhou, and Jianrong Qiu, "Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics," Opt. Express 21, 18532-18537 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. V. Pham, M. Dijkstra, A. J. F. Hollink, L. J. Kauppinen, R. M. de Ridder, M. Pollnau, P. V. Lambeck, and H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, “On-chip bulk-index concentration and direct, label-free protein sensing utilizing an optical grated-waveguide cavity,” Sensor. Actuat. B174, 602–608 (2012). [CrossRef]
  2. X. Liu, R. M. O. Jr, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010). [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Fotiadi, N. Zakharov, O. L. Antipov, and P. Mégret, “All-fiber coherent combining of Er-doped amplifiers through refractive index control in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.34(22), 3574–3576 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Polman, “Erbium implanted thin film photonic materials,” J. Appl. Phys.82(1), 1–39 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, “Near-infrared ultrabroadband luminescence spectra properties of subvalent bismuth in CsI halide crystals,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4551–4553 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, X. Fan, X. Jiang, H. Tang, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, “Near-infrared photoluminescence spectra in Bi-doped CsI crystal: evidence for Bi-valence conversions and Bi ion aggregation,” Opt. Mater. Express2(6), 757–764 (2012). [CrossRef]
  8. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, D. V. Philippovskiy, I. S. Lisitsky, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, and E. M. Dianov, “Near-infrared luminescence in TlCl:Bi crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(3), 362–364 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light Sci. Appl.1(5), e12 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. H. T. Sun, F. Shimaoka, Y. Miwa, J. Ruan, M. Fujii, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Sensitized superbroadband near-IR emission in bismuth glass/Si nanocrystal superlattices,” Opt. Lett.35(13), 2215–2217 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Miwa, H. T. Sun, K. Imakita, M. Fujii, Y. Teng, J. Qiu, Y. Sakka, and S. Hayashi, “Sensitized broadband near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silicon-rich silica films,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4221–4223 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Morimoto, M. Fujii, H. Sun, Y. Miwa, K. Imakita, J. Qiu, and S. Hayashi, “Broadband near-infrared emission from bismuth-doped multilayer films,” J. Appl. Phys.112(7), 073511 (2012). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Sambri, S. Amoruso, X. Wang, M. Radovic, F. M. Granozio, and R. Bruzzese, “Substrate heating influence on plume propagation during pulsed laser deposition of complex oxides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(15), 151501 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. Teddy-Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci.57(8), 1426–1491 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. K. A. Bogle, J. Cheung, Y. Chen, S. Liao, C. Lai, Y. Chu, J. M. Gregg, S. B. Ogale, and N. Valanoor, “Epitaxial Magnetic Oxide Nanocrystals Via Phase Decomposition of Bismuth Perovskite Precursors,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5224–5230 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and Infrared Structural Investigation of xRb2O∙(1 - x)GeO2 Glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. G. S. Henderson and M. E. Fleet, “The structure of glasses along the Na2O-GeO2 join,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids134(3), 259–269 (1991). [CrossRef]
  20. G. D. Chryssikos, M. S. Bitsis, J. A. Kapoutsis, and E. I. Kamitsos, “Vibrational investigation of lithium metaborate-metaaluminate glasses and crystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids217(2-3), 278–290 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express2(9), 1286–1291 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Peng, Q. Zhao, J. Qiu, and L. Wondraczek, “Generation of Emission Centers for Broadband NIR Luminescence in Bismuthate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(2), 542–544 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. H. T. Sun, B. Xu, T. Yonezawa, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, J. Qiu, and H. Gao, “Photoluminescence from Bi5(GaCl4)3 molecular crystal,” Dalton Trans.41(36), 11055–11061 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near-to-mid-infrared luminescence from Bi5(3+) in Bi5(AlCl4)3.,” Opt. Express20(3), 2562–2571 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Cao, M. Peng, J. Zheng, J. Qiu, and Q. Zhang, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from closo-deltahedral Bi5(3+) cluster in Bi5(GaCl4)3.,” Opt. Express20(16), 18505–18514 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited