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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 16 — Aug. 12, 2013
  • pp: 18697–18711

A new approach to measure the volume scattering function

Hiroyuki Tan, Roland Doerffer, Tomohiko Oishi, and Akihiko Tanaka  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 16, pp. 18697-18711 (2013)

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We present a novel optical approach to measure the volume scattering function (VSF) by image detection. The instrument design, based upon a combination of two reflectors, uses a unique measurement principle and allows the rapid simultaneous determination of scattering at a wide range of angles. The advantages of the newly developed scattering meter are that: 1) it can determine the scattering function from 8° to 172° at 1° intervals without changing the sensitivity of the detector, without moving any optical parts, and can do so within a few seconds, 2) the unique optical design facilitates determination of the spectral VSF over the full visible spectrum, i.e. it can obtain the VSF at a specific wavelength with an optional wavelength-resolution. Measurements under controlled conditions for the assessment of the instrument agreed well with theoretically predicted scattering functions. Measurements with cultured phytoplankton of different species revealed a significant variety of the VSF together with spectral variation. The observed results will stimulate and improve radiative transfer and/or two-flow models of light in the ocean, which is an important role for ocean color remote sensing algorithm development, particularly for coastal regions.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements
(010.1350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Backscattering

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: June 3, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 2, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 8, 2013
Published: July 30, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Hiroyuki Tan, Roland Doerffer, Tomohiko Oishi, and Akihiko Tanaka, "A new approach to measure the volume scattering function," Opt. Express 21, 18697-18711 (2013)

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