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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 16 — Aug. 12, 2013
  • pp: 18765–18776

Physical characteristics of localized surface plasmons resulting from nano-scale structured multi-layer thin films deposited on D-shaped optical fiber

T. Allsop, R. Neal, M. Dvorak, K. Kalli, A. Rozhin, and D.J. Webb  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 16, pp. 18765-18776 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.018765


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Abstract

Novel surface plasmonic optical fiber sensors have been fabricated using multiple coatings deposited on a lapped section of a single mode fiber. UV laser irradiation processing with a phase mask produces a nano-scaled surface relief grating structure resembling nano-wires. The resulting individual corrugations produced by material compaction are approximately 20 μm long with an average width at half maximum of 100 nm and generate localized surface plasmons. Experimental data are presented that show changes in the spectral characteristics after UV processing, coupled with an overall increase in the sensitivity of the devices to surrounding refractive index. Evidence is presented that there is an optimum UV dosage (48 joules) over which no significant additional optical change is observed. The devices are characterized with regards to change in refractive index, where significantly high spectral sensitivities in the aqueous index regime are found, ranging up to 4000 nm/RIU for wavelength and 800 dB/RIU for intensity.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: April 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2013
Published: July 31, 2013

Citation
T. Allsop, R. Neal, M. Dvorak, K. Kalli, A. Rozhin, and D.J. Webb, "Physical characteristics of localized surface plasmons resulting from nano-scale structured multi-layer thin films deposited on D-shaped optical fiber," Opt. Express 21, 18765-18776 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-16-18765


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