OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 17 — Aug. 26, 2013
  • pp: 19982–19989

Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution via a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining fiber link: approaching 10−21 link stability

Michael Y. Peng, Patrick T. Callahan, Amir H. Nejadmalayeri, Stefano Valente, Ming Xin, Lars Grüner-Nielsen, Eric M. Monberg, Man Yan, John M. Fini, and Franz X. Kärtner  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 17, pp. 19982-19989 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.019982


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1116 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution over a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber-optic link using balanced optical cross-correlators for link stabilization is demonstrated. Novel dispersion-compensating PM fiber was developed to construct a dispersion-slope-compensated PM link, which eliminated slow timing drifts and jumps previously induced by polarization mode dispersion in standard single-mode fiber. Numerical simulations of nonlinear pulse propagation in the fiber link confirmed potential sub-100-as timing stability for pulse energies below 70 pJ. Link operation for 16 days showed ~0.6 fs RMS timing drift and during a 3-day interval only ~0.13 fs drift, which corresponds to a stability level of 10−21.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(120.7000) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Transmission
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology
(120.4825) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical time domain reflectometry

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 12, 2013
Published: August 16, 2013

Citation
Michael Y. Peng, Patrick T. Callahan, Amir H. Nejadmalayeri, Stefano Valente, Ming Xin, Lars Grüner-Nielsen, Eric M. Monberg, Man Yan, John M. Fini, and Franz X. Kärtner, "Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution via a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining fiber link: approaching 10−21 link stability," Opt. Express 21, 19982-19989 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-17-19982


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 641–647 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, and J. Hajdu, XFEL: The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser. Technical Design Report (DESY, 2006).
  3. C. J. Bocchetta and G. De Ninno, FERMI@ Elettra: Conceptual Design Report (Sincrotrone, 2007).
  4. J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, J. W. Staples, R. B. Wilcox, J. Arthur, J. C. Frisch, and W. E. White, “Femtosecond synchronization of laser systems for the LCLS,” in Proceedings of International Particle Accelerator Conference (2010), 58–60.
  5. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics2(12), 733–736 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Ding, F.-J. Decker, P. Emma, C. Feng, C. Field, J. Frisch, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, J. Welch, J. Wu, and F. Zhou, “Femtosecond X-Ray Pulse Characterization in Free-Electron Lasers Using a Cross-Correlation Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(25), 254802 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.29(3), 983–996 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, “Attosecond-resolution timing jitter characterization of free-running mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett.32(24), 3519–3521 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Kim, J. Chen, Z. Zhang, F. N. C. Wong, F. X. Kärtner, F. Loehl, and H. Schlarb, “Long-term femtosecond timing link stabilization using a single-crystal balanced cross correlator,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1044–1046 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kim and F. X. Kärtner, “Attosecond-precision ultrafast photonics,” Laser Photonics Rev.4(3), 432–456 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Ferianis, A. Borga, A. Bucconi, L. Pavlovic, M. Predonzani, and F. Rossi, “All-Optical Femtosecond Timing System for the Fermi@ Elettra FEL,” in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference (2011), 641–647.
  12. J. A. Cox, “Sub-femtosecond precision timing distribution, synchronization and coherent synthesis of ultrafast lasers,” Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2012).
  13. A. H. Nejadmalayeri, F. N. C. Wong, T. D. Roberts, P. Battle, and F. X. Kärtner, “Guided wave optics in periodically poled KTP: quadratic nonlinearity and prospects for attosecond jitter characterization,” Opt. Lett.34(16), 2522–2524 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Ferianis, “State of the art in high-stability timing, phase reference distribution and synchronization systems,” in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference (2009), 1915–1919.
  15. M. Y. Peng, P. T. Callahan, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, S. Valente, K. Ahmed, M. Xin, E. Monberg, M. Yan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, J. M. Fini, T. D. Roberts, P. Battle, and F. X. Kärtner, “Towards a large-scale, optical timing distribution system with sub-femtosecond residual timing jitter,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (2013).
  16. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2012).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited