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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 17 — Aug. 26, 2013
  • pp: 19982–19989

Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution via a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining fiber link: approaching 10−21 link stability

Michael Y. Peng, Patrick T. Callahan, Amir H. Nejadmalayeri, Stefano Valente, Ming Xin, Lars Grüner-Nielsen, Eric M. Monberg, Man Yan, John M. Fini, and Franz X. Kärtner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 17, pp. 19982-19989 (2013)

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Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution over a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber-optic link using balanced optical cross-correlators for link stabilization is demonstrated. Novel dispersion-compensating PM fiber was developed to construct a dispersion-slope-compensated PM link, which eliminated slow timing drifts and jumps previously induced by polarization mode dispersion in standard single-mode fiber. Numerical simulations of nonlinear pulse propagation in the fiber link confirmed potential sub-100-as timing stability for pulse energies below 70 pJ. Link operation for 16 days showed ~0.6 fs RMS timing drift and during a 3-day interval only ~0.13 fs drift, which corresponds to a stability level of 10−21.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(120.7000) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Transmission
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology
(120.4825) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical time domain reflectometry

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: June 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 12, 2013
Published: August 16, 2013

Michael Y. Peng, Patrick T. Callahan, Amir H. Nejadmalayeri, Stefano Valente, Ming Xin, Lars Grüner-Nielsen, Eric M. Monberg, Man Yan, John M. Fini, and Franz X. Kärtner, "Long-term stable, sub-femtosecond timing distribution via a 1.2-km polarization-maintaining fiber link: approaching 10−21 link stability," Opt. Express 21, 19982-19989 (2013)

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