OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 20632–20640

Electron trajectory selection for high harmonic generation inside a short hollow fiber

Hironori Igarashi, Ayumu Makida, and Taro Sekikawa  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 20632-20640 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1167 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The 19th harmonic beam divergences from a Ti:sapphire laser generated using a gas jet and 10-mm-long hollow fibers with bore diameters of 300 and 200 μm were investigated. The beam quality factor M2 of the harmonic beam generated in a 300-μm hollow fiber was found to be better than the gas jet using the phase match including the atomic dipole phase induced by the short trajectory. On the other hand, a 200-μm hollow fiber was found to generate a more divergent beam with a larger M2 because of the long trajectory. The electron trajectory contributing to high harmonic generation was selected using the phase-matching process inside a short hollow fiber.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(020.2649) Atomic and molecular physics : Strong field laser physics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 22, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 8, 2013
Published: August 27, 2013

Hironori Igarashi, Ayumu Makida, and Taro Sekikawa, "Electron trajectory selection for high harmonic generation inside a short hollow fiber," Opt. Express 21, 20632-20640 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature414(6863), 509–513 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature432(7017), 605–608 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Souce of coherent kiloelectronvolt x-rays,” Nature433, 596 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright Coherent Ultrahigh Harmonics in the keV X-ray Regime from Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Lasers,” Science336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-hramonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(7), 1422–1425 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matched high-order-harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. A59(5), 4041–4044 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. E. T. F. Rogers, S. L. Stebbings, A. M. Paula, C. A. Froud, M. Praeger, B. Mills, J. Grant-Jacob, W. S. Brocklesby, and J. G. Frey, “Spatiotemporal phase-matching in capillary high-harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(4), 806–812 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Igarashi, A. Makida, M. Ito, and T. Sekikawa, “Pulse compression of phase-matched high harmonic pulses from a time-delay compensated monochromator,” Opt. Express20(4), 3725–3732 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-4-3725 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt.38(28), 6040–6049 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(4), 1875–1886 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2897–2899 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Ito, Y. Kataoka, T. Okamoto, M. Yamashita, and T. Sekikawa, “Spatiotemporal characterization of single-order high harmonic pulses from time-compensated toroidal-grating monochromator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6071–6078 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-6-6071 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74(19), 3776–3779 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics:The role of field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A55(4), 3204–3210 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. D. Yoshitomi, J. Nees, N. Miyamoto, T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Phase-matched enhancements of high-harmonic soft X-rays by adaptive wave-front control with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 275–280 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A52(6), 4747–4754 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, P. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, and A. L'Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A59(2), 1367–1373 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A65(3), 031406 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).
  22. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49(3), 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited