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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 20656–20674

Mie scattering from submicron-sized CO2 clusters formed in a supersonic expansion of a gas mixture

S. Jinno, Y. Fukuda, H. Sakaki, A. Yogo, M. Kanasaki, K. Kondo, A.Ya. Faenov, I.Yu. Skobelev, T.A. Pikuz, A.S. Boldarev, and V.A. Gasilov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 20656-20674 (2013)

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A detailed mathematical model is presented for a submicron-sized cluster formation in a binary gas mixture flowing through a three-staged conical nozzle. By measuring the angular distribution of light scattered from the clusters, the size of CO2 clusters, produced in a supersonic expansion of the mixture gas of CO2(30%)/H2(70%) or CO2(10%)/He(90%), has been evaluated using the Mie scattering method. The mean sizes of CO2 clusters are estimated to be 0.28 ± 0.03 μm for CO2/H2 and 0.26 ± 0.04 μm for CO2/He, respectively. In addition, total gas density profiles in radial direction of the gas jet, measuring the phase shift of the light passing through the target by utilizing an interferometer, are found to be agreed with the numerical modeling within a factor of two. The dryness (= monomer/(monomer + cluster) ratio) in the targets is found to support the numerical modeling. The apparatus developed to evaluate the cluster-gas targets proved that our mathematical model of cluster formation is reliable enough for the binary gas mixture.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(000.6850) General : Thermodynamics
(290.4020) Scattering : Mie theory
(110.3175) Imaging systems : Interferometric imaging

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 19, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 7, 2013
Published: August 27, 2013

S. Jinno, Y. Fukuda, H. Sakaki, A. Yogo, M. Kanasaki, K. Kondo, A.Ya. Faenov, I.Yu. Skobelev, T.A. Pikuz, A.S. Boldarev, and V.A. Gasilov, "Mie scattering from submicron-sized CO2 clusters formed in a supersonic expansion of a gas mixture," Opt. Express 21, 20656-20674 (2013)

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