OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 20692–20706

Vectorial optical field generator for the creation of arbitrarily complex fields

Wei Han, Yanfang Yang, Wen Cheng, and Qiwen Zhan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 20692-20706 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2148 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Generation of vectorial optical fields with complex spatial distribution in the cross section is of great interest in areas where exotic optical fields are desired, including particle manipulation, optical nanofabrication, beam shaping and optical imaging. In this work, a vectorial optical field generator capable of creating arbitrarily complex beam cross section is designed, built and tested. Based on two reflective phase-only liquid crystal spatial light modulators, this generator is capable of controlling all the parameters of the spatial distributions of an optical field, including the phase, amplitude and polarization (ellipticity and orientation) on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Various optical fields containing phase, amplitude and/or polarization modulations are successfully generated and tested using Stokes parameter measurement to demonstrate the capability and versatility of this optical field generator.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(070.6120) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: June 25, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 16, 2013
Published: August 27, 2013

Wei Han, Yanfang Yang, Wen Cheng, and Qiwen Zhan, "Vectorial optical field generator for the creation of arbitrarily complex fields," Opt. Express 21, 20692-20706 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Dholakia and T. Čižmár, “Shaping the future of manipulation,” Nat. Photonics5(6), 335–342 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. S. W. Hell, “Far-field optical nanoscopy,” Science316(5828), 1153–1158 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Q. Zhan, “Properties of circularly polarized vortex beams,” Opt. Lett.31(7), 867–869 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Cheng, J. W. Haus, and Q. Zhan, “Propagation of vector vortex beams through a turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express17(20), 17829–17836 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express12(22), 5448–5456 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Han, W. Cheng, and Q. Zhan, “Flattop focusing with full Poincaré beams under low numerical aperture illumination,” Opt. Lett.36(9), 1605–1607 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Cheng, W. Han, and Q. Zhan, “Compact flattop laser beam shaper using vectorial vortex,” Appl. Opt.52(19), 4608–4612 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. Zhan and J. Leger, “Focus shaping using cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express10(7), 324–331 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, S. W. Zhu, and B. Z. Gao, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging of cell-substrate contacts with radially polarized beams,” Opt. Express16(25), 20734–20741 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Zhan and J. R. Leger, “Microellipsometer with Radial Symmetry,” Appl. Opt.41(22), 4630–4637 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. C. Toussaint, S. Park, J. E. Jureller, and N. F. Scherer, “Generation of optical vector beams with a diffractive optical element interferometer,” Opt. Lett.30(21), 2846–2848 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys.9(3), 78 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. X.-L. Wang, J. Ding, W.-J. Ni, C.-S. Guo, and H.-T. Wang, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with a spatial light modulator and a common path interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Lett.32(24), 3549–3551 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Jones matrix treatment for optical Fourier processors with structured polarization,” Opt. Express19(5), 4583–4594 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Kenny, D. Lara, O. G. Rodríguez-Herrera, and C. Dainty, “Complete polarization and phase control for focus-shaping in high-NA microscopy,” Opt. Express20(13), 14015–14029 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Tripathi and K. C. Toussaint., “Versatile generation of optical vector fields and vector beams using a non-interferometric approach,” Opt. Express20(10), 10788–10795 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. Moreno, J. A. Davis, T. M. Hernandez, D. M. Cottrell, and D. Sand, “Complete polarization control of light from a liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Opt. Express20(1), 364–376 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Maluenda, I. Juvells, R. Martínez-Herrero, and A. Carnicer, “Reconfigurable beams with arbitrary polarization and shape distributions at a given plane,” Opt. Express21(5), 5432–5439 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Ye, “Construction of an optical rotator using quarter-wave plates and an optical retarder,” Opt. Eng.34(10), 3031–3035 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. J. A. Davis, D. E. McNamara, D. M. Cottrell, and T. Sonehara, “Two-Dimensional Polarization Encoding with a Phase-Only Liquid-Crystal Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Opt.39(10), 1549–1554 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. E. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).
  22. Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1(1), 1–57 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. D. P. Biss, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, “Dark-field imaging with cylindrical-vector beams,” Appl. Opt.45(3), 470–479 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Yanai and U. Levy, “Plasmonic focusing with a coaxial structure illuminated by radially polarized light,” Opt. Express17(2), 924–932 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, “Optical trapping of micrometer-sized dielectric particles by cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express18(10), 10828–10833 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Y. Senatsky, “Radially polarized ring and arc beams of a neodymium laser with an intra-cavity axicon,” Opt. Express14(8), 3304–3311 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. A. Ahmed, A. Voss, M. M. Vogel, and T. Graf, “Multilayer polarizing grating mirror used for the generation of radial polarization in Yb:YAG thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Lett.32(22), 3272–3274 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. V. G. Niziev, R. S. Chang, and A. V. Nesterov, “Generation of inhomogeneously polarized laser beams by use of a Sagnac interferometer,” Appl. Opt.45(33), 8393–8399 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited