OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 20722–20729

A new balanced-path heterodyne I/Q-interferometer scheme for low environmental noise, high sensitivity phase measurements for both reflection and transmission geometry.

Seunghyun Yoon, Youngkyu Park, and Kyuman Cho  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 20722-20729 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.020722


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2261 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A new heterodyne interferometer scheme which has open accesses to both the geometrically balanced probe beam (PB) and reference beam (RB) paths, for which, depending on the nature of a specific sensing mechanism, a transmission geometry or a reflection geometry can be employed, is presented. We will show that, because of a small separation between the short length PB and RB running parallel to each other our newly proposed optical arrangement allows high rejection of unlocalized environmental perturbations. In fact, the geometrically balanced optical arrangement provides 19dB rejection of any vibrations parallel to the direction of beam propagation, which cannot be achieved in a conventional interferometer scheme. Applications of this new interferometer scheme are discussed. As an example, we will show that our newly proposed interferometer scheme can be applied for high sensitivity measurements of concentration dependent refractive indexes in various solutions.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: June 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 19, 2013
Published: August 28, 2013

Citation
Seunghyun Yoon, Youngkyu Park, and Kyuman Cho, "A new balanced-path heterodyne I/Q-interferometer scheme for low environmental noise, high sensitivity phase measurements for both reflection and transmission geometry.," Opt. Express 21, 20722-20729 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-18-20722


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. J. Collett, R. Loudon, and C. W. Gardiner, “Quantum theory of optical homodyne and heterodyne detection,” J. Mod. Opt.34(6-7), 881–902 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. C. C. Davis, “Building small, extremely sensitive practical laser interferometers for sensor applications,” Nucl. Phys. B6, 290–297 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. N. Bobroff, “Recent advanced in displacement measuring interferometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol.4(9), 907–926 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Schellekens, G. Wilkening, F. Reinboth, M. J. Downs, K. P. Birch, and J. Spronck, “Measurements of the Refractive Index of Air Using Interference Refractormeters,” Metrologia22(4), 279–287 (1986). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Terrien, “An air refractometer for interference length metrology,” Metrologia1(3), 80–83 (1965). [CrossRef]
  6. K. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, “A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient,” Opt. Express16(17), 13456–13464 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Park, K.-E. Kim, S.-J. Kim, J.-G. Park, Y.-H. Joo, B. Hyun Shin, S.-Y. Lee, and K. Cho, “Wide measurement range scanning heterodyne interferometer utilizing astigmatic position sensing scheme,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3112–3114 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. L. Mazzoni, K. Cho, and C. C. Davis, “A Coherent hybrid fiber-optic probe for mapping induced birefringence in GaAs structures,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(7), 1158–1161 (1993). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta620(1-2), 8–26 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Cho, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, “Measurement of the local slope of a surface by vibrating-sample interferometry: a new method in scanning microscopy,” Opt. Lett.18(3), 232–234 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Park and K. Cho, “Heterodyne interferometer scheme using a double pass in an acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(3), 331–333 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Chiu, B. Shih, and C. Lai, “Laser-scanning angle deviation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(2), 021111 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. M. M. Varma, D. D. Nolte, H. D. Inerowicz, and F. E. Regnier, “Spinning-disk self-referencing interferometry of antigen-antibody recognition,” Opt. Lett.29(9), 950–952 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. J. Bornhop, J. C. Latham, A. Kussrow, D. A. Markov, R. D. Jones, and H. S. Sørensen, “Free-solution, label-free molecular interactions studied by back-scattering interferometry,” Science317(5845), 1732–1736 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. M. Wu, “Heterodyne interferometric system with subnanometer accuracy for measurement of straightness,” Appl. Opt.43(19), 3812–3816 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. A. Riza and M. A. Arain, “Angstrom-range optical path-length measurement with a high-speed scanning heterodyne optical interferometer,” Appl. Opt.42(13), 2341–2345 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. J. A. G. Cosijns, H. Haitjema, and P. H. J. Schellekens, “Modeling and verifying non-linearities in heterodyne displacement interferometry,” Precis. Eng.26(4), 448–455 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. A. N. Bashkatov and E. A. Genina, “Water refractive index in dependence on temperature and wavelength: a simple approximation,” Proc. SPIE5068, 393–395 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. W. M. Yunus and A. B. Rahman, “Refractive index of solutions at high concentrations,” Appl. Opt.27(16), 3341–3343 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. J. Jiménez Riobóo, M. Philipp, M. A. Ramos, and J. K. Krüger, “Concentration and temperature dependence of the refractive index of ethanol-water mixtures: Influence of intermolecular interactions,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter30(1), 19–26 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. O. Esteban, M. Cruz-Navarrete, A. González-Cano, and E. Bernabeu, “Measurement of the degree of salinity of water with a fiber-optic sensor,” Appl. Opt.38(25), 5267–5271 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited