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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 21208–21217

Distributed Raman amplification using ultra-long fiber laser with a ring cavity: characteristics and sensing application

Xin-Hong Jia, Yun-Jiang Rao, Zi-Nan Wang, Wei-Li Zhang, Cheng-Xu Yuan, Xiao-Dong Yan, Jin Li, Han Wu, Ye-Yu Zhu, and Fei Peng  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 21208-21217 (2013)

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Distributed Raman amplification (DRA) based on ultra-long fiber laser (UL-FL) pumping with a ring cavity is promising for repeaterless transmission and sensing. In this work, the characteristics (including gain, nonlinear impairment and noise figure) for forward and backward pumping of the ring-cavity based DRA scheme are fully investigated. Furthermore, as a typical application of the proposed configuration, ultra-long-distance distributed sensing with Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (BOTDA) over 142.2km fiber with 5m spatial resolution and ± 1.5°C temperature uncertainty is achieved, without any repeater. The key point for the significant performance improvement is the system could offer both of uniform gain distribution and considerably suppressed pump-probe relative intensity noise (RIN) transfer, by optimized design of system structure and parameters.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: June 17, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 9, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 16, 2013
Published: September 3, 2013

Xin-Hong Jia, Yun-Jiang Rao, Zi-Nan Wang, Wei-Li Zhang, Cheng-Xu Yuan, Xiao-Dong Yan, Jin Li, Han Wu, Ye-Yu Zhu, and Fei Peng, "Distributed Raman amplification using ultra-long fiber laser with a ring cavity: characteristics and sensing application," Opt. Express 21, 21208-21217 (2013)

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