OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 21403–21413

A compact thermo-optical multimode-interference silicon-based 1×4 nano-photonic switch

Haifeng Zhou, Junfeng Song, Edward K. S. Chee, Chao Li, Huijuan Zhang, and Guoqiang Lo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 21403-21413 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2145 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An ultra-compact multimode-interference (MMI)-based 1×4 nano-photonic switch is demonstrated by employing silicon thermo-optical effect on SOI platform. The device performance is systematically characterized by comprehensively investigating the constituent building blocks, including 1×4 power splitter, 4×4 MMI coupler and groove-isolated thermo-optical heaters. An instructive model is established to statistically estimate the required power consumption and investigate the influence of the power imbalance of the 4×4 MMI coupler on the switching performance. At the designed wavelength of 1550 nm, the average insertion loss of different switching states is 1.7 dB, and the transmission imbalance is 1.05 dB. The worst extinction ratio and crosstalk of all the output ports reach 11.48 dB and −11.38 dB, respectively.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.6040) Detectors : Silicon
(160.6840) Materials : Thermo-optical materials
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices
(250.6715) Optoelectronics : Switching

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: April 2, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 23, 2013
Published: September 4, 2013

Haifeng Zhou, Junfeng Song, Edward K. S. Chee, Chao Li, Huijuan Zhang, and Guoqiang Lo, "A compact thermo-optical multimode-interference silicon-based 1×4 nano-photonic switch," Opt. Express 21, 21403-21413 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. S. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, “Techniques for Optical Packet Switching and Optical Burst Switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag.136–142 (2001).
  2. M. J. O Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, “The application of Optical Packet Switching in Future Communication Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.128–135, (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. S.-L. Tsao and Y.-H. Lin, “64×64 silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating mux/demux for optical interconnections,” in Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing VI,K. M. Iftekharuddin and A. A. Awwal, eds., Proc. SPIE 5556, 288–296 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Kim, C. J. Nuzman, B. Kumar, D. F. Lieuwn, J. S. Kraus, A. Weiss, C. P. Lichtenwalner, A. R. Papazian, R. E. Frahm, N. R. Basavanhally, D. A. Ramsey, V. A. Aksyuk, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, V. Lifton, H. B. Chan, M. Haueis, A. Gasparyan, H. R. Shea, S. Arney, C. A. Bolle, P. R. Kolodner, R. Ryf, D. T. Neilson, and J. V. Gates, “1100×1100 Port MEMS-Based Optical Crossconnect With 4-dB Maximum Loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 1537–1539 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Heaton, R. M. Jenkins, D. R. Wight, J. T. Parker, J. C. H. Birbeck, and K. P. Hilton, “Novel 1-to-N integrated optical beam splitters using symmetric mode mixing in GaAs/AlGaAs multimode waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.15, 1754–1756 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. R. M. Jenkins, J. M. Heaton, D. R. Wight, J. T. Parker, J. C. H. Birbeck, G. W. Smith, and K. P. Hilton, “Novel 1 × Nand N× Nintegrated optical switches sing self-imaging multimode GaAs/AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 684–686 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tomofuji, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. I. Kitayama, “Dynamic switching characteristics of InGaAsP/InP multimode interference optical waveguide switch,” Opt. Express17, 23380–23388 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1×N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express13, 10109–10114 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. F. Song, Q. Fang, S. H. Tao, T. Y. Liow, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Fast and low power Michelson interferometer thermo-optical switch on SOI,” Opt. Express16, 15304–15311 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Bachmann, P. A. Besse, and H. Melchior, “General self-imaging properties in N× Nmulti-mode interference couplers including phase relations,” Appl. Opt.33, 3905–3911 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. F. Zhou, W. J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, M. H. Wang, and X. Q. Jiang, “Electro-optical logic application of multimode interference coupler by multi-valued controlling,” Appl. Opt.50, 2299–2304 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Dong, L. Chen, and Y.-K. Chen, “High-speed low-voltage single-drive push-pull silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators,” Opt. Express20, 6163–6169 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited