OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 19 — Sep. 23, 2013
  • pp: 22549–22557

Linearized silicon modulator based on a ring assisted Mach Zehnder inteferometer

Jaime Cardenas, Paul A. Morton, Jacob B. Khurgin, Austin Griffith, Carl B. Poitras, Kyle Preston, and Michal Lipson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 19, pp. 22549-22557 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.022549


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1982 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a Linearized Ring Assisted Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (L-RAMZI) modulator in a miniature silicon device. We measure a record high degree of linearization for a silicon device, with a Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) of 106dB/Hz2/3 at 1GHz, and 99dB/Hz2/3 at 10GHz.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics
(130.4110) Integrated optics : Modulators

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 4, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2013
Published: September 18, 2013

Citation
Jaime Cardenas, Paul A. Morton, Jacob B. Khurgin, Austin Griffith, Carl B. Poitras, Kyle Preston, and Michal Lipson, "Linearized silicon modulator based on a ring assisted Mach Zehnder inteferometer," Opt. Express 21, 22549-22557 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-19-22549


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Noise figure reduction in externally modulated analog fiber-optic links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 312–314 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. C. H. Cox, Analog Optical Links: Theory and Practice (Cambridge University, 2004). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Liu, J. Shim, Y.-J. Chiu, A. Keating, J. Piprek, and J. E. Bowers, “Analog characterization of low-voltage MQW traveling-wave electroabsorption modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol.21, 3011–3019 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Chen and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low capacitance and high speed germanium photodetectors on silicon,” Opt. Express17, 7901–7906 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464, 80–84 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Khilo, C. M. Sorace, and F. X. Kärtner, “Broadband linearized silicon modulator,” Opt. Express19, 4485–4500 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Streshinsky, A. Ayazi, Z. Xuan, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Highly linear silicon traveling wave Mach-Zehnder carrier depletion modulator based on differential drive,” Opt. Express21, 3818–3825 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Ayazi, T. Baehr-Jones, Y. Liu, A. E.-J. Lim, and M. Hochberg, “Linearity of silicon ring modulators for analog optical links,” Opt. Express20(12), 13115–13122 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59. [CrossRef]
  16. F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Dong, S. Liao, H. Liang, W. Qian, X. Wang, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High-speed and compact silicon modulator based on a racetrack resonator with a 1 V drive voltage,” Opt. Lett.35, 3246–3248 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett.28, 1302–1304 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited