OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 19 — Sep. 23, 2013
  • pp: 22868–22884

Fiber Bragg gratings for microwave photonics subsystems

Chao Wang and Jianping Yao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 19, pp. 22868-22884 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.022868


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1618 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Microwave photonics (MWP) is an emerging filed in which photonic technologies are employed to enable and enhance functionalities in microwave systems which are usually very challenging to fulfill directly in the microwave domain. Various photonic devices have been used to achieve the functions. A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is one of the key components in microwave photonics systems due to its unique features such as flexible spectral characteristics, low loss, light weight, compact footprint, and inherent compatibility with other fiber-optic devices. In this paper, we discuss the recent development in employing FBGs for various microwave photonics subsystems, with an emphasis on subsystems for microwave photonic signal processing and microwave arbitrary waveform generation. The limitations and potential solutions are also discussed.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics

ToC Category:
Signal Generation and Processing

History
Original Manuscript: June 11, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 8, 2013
Published: September 23, 2013

Virtual Issues
Microwave Photonics (2013) Optics Express

Citation
Chao Wang and Jianping Yao, "Fiber Bragg gratings for microwave photonics subsystems," Opt. Express 21, 22868-22884 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-19-22868


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonics,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.50(3), 877–887 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4628–4641 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Yao, “Microwave Photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. J. P. Yao, “A tutorial on microwave photonics - Part I,” IEEE Photon. Soc. Newsletter26(2), 4–12 (2012).
  6. J. P. Yao, “A tutorial on microwave photonics - Part II,” IEEE Photon. Soc. Newsletter26(3), 5–12 (2012).
  7. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical-Fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(10), 1035–1037 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(8), 1277–1294 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999).
  10. C. R. Giles, “Lightwave applications of fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(8), 1391–1404 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. J. Rao, “In-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Meas. Sci. Technol.8(4), 355–375 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of high-speed signals using fiber gratings,” Opt. Fiber Technol.6(2), 91–108 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Capmany, D. Pastor, B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and JosÉ Capmany, Daniel Pastor, Beatri, “Applications of fiber Bragg gratings to microwave photonics,” Fiber Integrated Opt.19(4), 483–494 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Fiber Bragg gratings for microwave photonics applications,” in Microwave Photonics, Second Edition, C. H. Lee, ed. (CRC Press, 2013), pp. 125–174.
  15. S. Blais and J. P. Yao, “Photonic true-time delay beamforming based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings with linearly increasing equivalent chirps,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(9), 1147–1154 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Blais and J. P. Yao, “Optical single sideband modulation using an ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2230–2232 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, “Photonic generation of Ultra-Wideband signals,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3219–3235 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Li, W. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, “A wideband 360° photonic-assisted microwave phase shifter using a polarization modulator and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(28), 29838–29843 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. W. Li and J. P. Yao, “Investigation of photonically assisted microwave frequency multiplication based on external modulation,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3259–3268 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Li, C. Wang, M. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, “Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement using a special fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.21(1), 52–54 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. W. Li and J. P. Yao, “An optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(10), 812–814 (2012). [CrossRef]
  23. J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 201–229 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, “Microwave optical filters using in-fiber Bragg grating arrays,” IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett.6(2), 103–105 (1996). [CrossRef]
  26. X. K. Yi and R. A. Minasian, “Noise mitigation in spectrum sliced microwave photonic signal processors,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4959–4965 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. J. Mora, M. V. Andrés, J. L. Cruz, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, and S. Sales, “Tunable all-optical negative multitap microwave filters based on uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett.28(15), 1308–1310 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. F. Zeng, J. Wang, and J. P. Yao, “All-optical microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients based on a phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett.30(17), 2203–2205 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Y. Yan, S. Blais, and J. P. Yao, “Tunable photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients implemented using an optical phase modulator and chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3283–3288 (2007). [CrossRef]
  30. T. Chen, X. Yi, T. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, “Multiple-bipolar-tap tunable spectrum sliced microwave photonic filter,” Opt. Lett.35(23), 3934–3936 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. R. Blals and J. P. Yao, “Tunable photonic microwave filter using a superstructured FBG with two reflection bands having complementary chirps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 199–201 (2008). [CrossRef]
  32. F. Zeng and J. P. Yao, “Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2062–2064 (2006). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Loayssa, J. Capmany, M. Sagues, and J. Mora, “Demonstration of incoherent microwave photonic filters with all optical complex coefficients,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1744–1746 (2006). [CrossRef]
  34. Y. Yan and J. P. Yao, “A tunable photonic microwave filter with a complex coefficient using an optical RF phase shifter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1472–1474 (2007). [CrossRef]
  35. Y. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Nonuniformly-spaced photonic microwave delayline filter,” Opt. Express16(7), 4713–4718 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Nonuniformly spaced photonic microwave delay-line filters and applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3279–3289 (2010). [CrossRef]
  37. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “A nonuniformly spaced microwave photonic filter using a spatially discrete chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.submitted.
  38. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Chirped microwave pulse compression using a photonic microwave filter with a nonlinear phase response,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.57(2), 496–504 (2009). [CrossRef]
  39. Y. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Chirped microwave pulse generation using a photonic microwave delay-line filter with a quadratic phase response,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(9), 569–571 (2009). [CrossRef]
  40. H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. H. Shahoei, M. Li, and J. P. Yao, “Continuously tunable time delay using an optically pumped linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(10), 1465–1472 (2011). [CrossRef]
  42. H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “A continuously tunable multi-tap complex-coefficient microwave photonic filter based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express21(6), 7521–7527 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. W. Li, M. Li, and J. P. Yao, “A narrow-passband and frequency-tunable micro-wave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.60(5), 1287–1296 (2012). [CrossRef]
  44. M. Li and J. P. Yao, “All-optical short-time Fourier transform based on a temporal pulse shaping system incorporating an array of cascaded linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(20), 1439–1441 (2011). [CrossRef]
  45. Z. Li, W. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(9), 558–560 (2011). [CrossRef]
  46. M. Li and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber temporal photonic fractional Hilbert transformer based on a directly designed fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett.35(2), 223–225 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, and V. Pruneri, “Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: design and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express17(22), 19798–19807 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Multichannel arbitrary-order photonic temporal differentiator for wavelength-division-multiplexed signal processing using a single fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(17), 2506–2511 (2011). [CrossRef]
  49. M. Li, L. Shao, J. Albert, and J. P. Yao, “Continuously tunable photonic fractional temporal differentiator based on tilted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(4), 251–253 (2011). [CrossRef]
  50. H. Shahoei, J. Albert, and J. P. Yao, “Optically tunable fractional order temporal differentiator using an optically pumped tilted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 370–372 (2012). [CrossRef]
  51. M. H. Asghari, C. Wang, J. Yao, and J. Azaña, “High-order passive photonic temporal integrators,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1191–1193 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. M. A. Muriel, J. Azaña, and A. Carballar, “Real-time Fourier transformer based on fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett.24(1), 1–3 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003). [CrossRef]
  54. I. S. Lin, J. D. McKinney, and A. M. Weiner, “Photonic synthesis of broadband microwave arbitrary waveforms applicable to ultra-wideband communication,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.15(4), 226–228 (2005). [CrossRef]
  55. C. Wang, F. Zeng, and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber ultrawideband pulse generation based on spectral-shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 137–139 (2007). [CrossRef]
  56. J. P. Yao, “Photonics for Ultrawideband communications,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(4), 82–95 (2009). [CrossRef]
  57. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008). [CrossRef]
  58. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Chirped microwave pulse generation based on optical spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time mapping using a Sagnac loop mirror incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(16), 3336–3341 (2009). [CrossRef]
  59. M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(12), 3531–3537 (2011). [CrossRef]
  60. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008). [CrossRef]
  61. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Simultaneous optical spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time mapping for photonic microwave arbitrary waveform generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 793–795 (2009). [CrossRef]
  62. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Large time-bandwidth product microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(11), 1652–1660 (2010). [CrossRef]
  63. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Phase-coded millimeter-wave waveform generation using a spatially discrete chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1493–1495 (2012). [CrossRef]
  64. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B5(8), 1563–1572 (1988). [CrossRef]
  65. C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Fourier transform ultrashort optical pulse shaping using a single chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(19), 1375–1377 (2009). [CrossRef]
  66. J. P. Heritage and A. M. Weiner, “Optical systems and methods based upon temporal stretching, modulation and recompression of ultrashort pulses,” United States Patent 4928316, 1990.
  67. H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “Symmetrical waveform generation based on temporal pulse shaping using amplitude-only modulator,” Electron. Lett.43(7), 415–417 (2007). [CrossRef]
  68. M. Li, Y. C. Han, S. L. Pan, and J. P. Yao, “Experimental demonstration of symmetrical waveform generation based on amplitude-only modulation in a fiber-based temporal pulse shaping system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(11), 715–717 (2011). [CrossRef]
  69. C. Wang, M. Li, and J. P. Yao, “Continuously tunable photonic microwave frequency multiplication by use of an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1285–1287 (2010). [CrossRef]
  70. M. Li, C. Wang, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, “An unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system for chirped microwave waveform generation,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 2968–2975 (2010). [CrossRef]
  71. H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Continuously tunable microwave frequency multiplication by optically pumping linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings in an unbalanced temporal pulse shaping system,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(12), 1954–1959 (2012). [CrossRef]
  72. Y. Q. Liu, J. L. Yang, and J. P. Yao, “Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(8), 1172–1174 (2002). [CrossRef]
  73. K. M. Feng, J. X. Chai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “Dynamic dispersion compensation in a 10-Gb/s optical system using a novel voltage tuned nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(3), 373–375 (1999). [CrossRef]
  74. S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sugihara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160-Gb/s RZ transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(4), 1095–1097 (2004). [CrossRef]
  75. P. Rugeland, Z. Yu, C. Sterner, O. Tarasenko, G. Tengstrand, and W. Margulis, “Photonic scanning receiver using an electrically tuned fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett.34(24), 3794–3796 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  76. L. E. Adams, H. Mavoori, S. Jin, and R. P. Espindola, “Dynamic measurements of magnetically-strain tuned FBG for fast reconfigurable add/drop,” in Proc. OFC’99, 143–145 (1999) [CrossRef]
  77. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, R. Heideman, A. Leinse, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013). [CrossRef]
  78. S. Khan, M. A. Baghban, and S. Fathpour, “Electronically tunable silicon photonic delay lines,” Opt. Express19(12), 11780–11785 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  79. I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, D. I. Kroushkov, J. Bruns, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Continuously tunable delay line based on SOI tapered Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express20(10), 11241–11246 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  80. K. A. Rutkowska, D. Duchesne, M. J. Strain, R. Morandotti, M. Sorel, and J. Azaña, “Ultrafast all-optical temporal differentiators based on CMOS-compatible integrated-waveguide Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express19(20), 19514–19522 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited