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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Jan. 28, 2013
  • pp: 1465–1472

Asymmetric wave propagation in planar chiral fibers

Dana Shemuly, Zachary M. Ruff, Alexander M. Stolyarov, Grisha Spektor, Steven G. Johnson, Yoel Fink, and Ofer Shapira  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 1465-1472 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.001465


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Abstract

We demonstrate the realization of a two-dimensional chiral optical waveguide with an infinite translational symmetry that exhibits asymmetric wave propagation. The low-symmetry geometry of the cross-section that lacks any rotational and mirror symmetries shows in-principal directional asymmetric polarization rotation. We use general symmetry arguments to provide qualitative analysis of the waveguide's eigenstates and numerically corroborate this using finite element simulation. We show that despite the only perturbative break of time-reversal symmetry via small modal losses, the structure supports a non-degenerate pair of co-rotating elliptical modes. We fabricated meters long fiber with a spiral structure and studied its optical properties.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: November 8, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 30, 2012
Published: January 14, 2013

Citation
Dana Shemuly, Zachary M. Ruff, Alexander M. Stolyarov, Grisha Spektor, Steven G. Johnson, Yoel Fink, and Ofer Shapira, "Asymmetric wave propagation in planar chiral fibers," Opt. Express 21, 1465-1472 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-2-1465


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