OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Jan. 28, 2013
  • pp: 1541–1546

Electro-optic phase modulation in light induced self-written waveguides propagated in a 5CB doped photopolymer

Abdelmonem Jemal, Mohamed Ben Belgacem, Saber Kamoun, Mohamed Gargouri, Kokou D. (Honorat) Dorkenoo, Alberto Barsella, and Loïc Mager  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 1541-1546 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.001541


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (995 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present the inscription of a Light Induced Self-Written (LISW) waveguide in a 4-cyano-4′-pentylbipheny (5CB) doped photopolymer. The dynamic reorientation of the 5CB molecules in the material under applied electric field leads to birefringence in LISW waveguide and thus allows the control of the phase of the guided mode.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 19, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2012
Published: January 14, 2013

Citation
Abdelmonem Jemal, Mohamed Ben Belgacem, Saber Kamoun, Mohamed Gargouri, Kokou D. (Honorat) Dorkenoo, Alberto Barsella, and Loïc Mager, "Electro-optic phase modulation in light induced self-written waveguides propagated in a 5CB doped photopolymer," Opt. Express 21, 1541-1546 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-2-1541


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. J. Frisken, “Light-induced optical waveguide uptapers,” Opt. Lett.18, 1035–1037 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Yoshimura, J. Roman, Y. Takahashi, W. C. V. Wang, M. Inao, T. Ishitsuka, K. Tsukamoto, S. Aoki, K. Motoyoshi, and W. Sotoyama, “Self-organizing waveguide coupling method (SOLNET) and its application to film optical circuit substrates,” Electronic Components and Technology Conference 50th (Las Vegas, Nevada, 2000), pp. 962–969.
  3. T. Yoshimura, K. Wakabayashi, and S. Ono, “Analysis of reflective self-organized lightwave network (R-SOLNET) for Z-connections in 3-D optical circuits by the finite-difference time-domain method,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 566–570 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kagami, T. Yamashita, M. Yonemura, A. Kawasaki, M. Tsuchimori, and T. Matsui, “Light-induced self-written three-dimensional polymer optical waveguide for module fabrication and interconnection,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Anaheim, Calif., 2007), OThH4. [CrossRef]
  5. K. Yamashita, E. Fukuzawa, A. Kitanobou, and K. Oe, “Self-written active waveguide for integrated optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92, 051102 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Yamashita, H. Okada, M. Ito, E. Fukuzawa, and K. Oe, “Device parameter analyses of solid-state organic laser made by self-written active waveguide technique,” J. Lightwave Technol.27, 4570–4574 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. O. Sugihara, S. Yasuda, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “Serially grafted polymer optical waveguides fabricated by light-induced self-written waveguide technique,” Opt. Lett.33, 294–296 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. R. Dalton, P. A. Sullivan, and D. H. Bale, “Electric field poled organic electro-optic materials: state of the art and future prospects,” Chem. Rev.110, 25–55 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Li and S.-T. Wu, “Self-consistency of Vuks equations for liquid-crystal refractive indices,” J. Appl. Phys.96, 6253 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Kippelen, Sandalphon, K. Meerholz, and N. Peyghambarian, “Birefringence, Pockels, and Kerr effects in photorefractive polymers, ” Appl. Phys. Lett.68, 1748(1996). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Dorkenoo, O. Crégut, L. Mager, F. Gillot, C. Carre, and A. Fort, “Quasi-solitonic behavior of self-written waveguides created by photopolymerization,” Opt. Lett.27, 1782–1784 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Zohrabyan, A. Tork, R. Birabassov, and T. Galstian, “Self-written gradient double claddlike optical guiding channels of high stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91, 111912 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Ferry, Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers (Wiley, New York, 1980).
  14. J.-C. Ribierre, G. Cheval, F. Huber, L. Mager, A. Fort, R. Muller, S. Mery, and J.-F. Nicoud, “Direct comparison of mechanical and electro-optic responses of a low Tg photorefractive doped polymer,” J. Appl. Phys.91, 1710–1712 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. W. Y. Hwang, J. J. Kim, T. Zyung, M. C. Oh, and S. Y. Shin, “TE-TM mode converter in a poled-polymer waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.32, 1054–1062 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, “Direct observation of orientation limit in a fast photorefractive polymer composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74, 2253–2255 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. J.-P. Bombenger, L. Mager, D. Gindre, J.-P. Vola, K. Dorkenoo, A. Fort, and C. Carre, “High resolution patterning of quadratic non-linear optical properties in doped photopolymer thin films,” Opt. Commun.280, 192–196 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Barsella, H. Dorkenoo, and L. Mager, “Near infrared two-photon self-confinement in photopolymers for light induced self-written waveguides fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 221102 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited