OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Jan. 28, 2013
  • pp: 2212–2219

The lifetime of the triplet excited state and modulation characteristics of all-optical switching in phenoxy-phthalocyanines liquid

Chengbao Yao, Yundong Zhang, Wenjun Sun, Changqiu Yu, Jin Li, and Ping Yuan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 2212-2219 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.002212


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1362 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present our experimental results on the measurements of excited state dynamics in 2, 9, 16, 23-phenoxy-phthalocyanine (Pc1) and 2, 9, 16, 23-phenoxy-phthalocyanine-zinc (Pc2) using the pump-probe experiment. The results show that the lifetime of the first triplet excited state of the Pc2 longer than Pc1. The lifetimes of the triplet excited state for Pc2 and Pc1 are 12.8 μs and 10.1 μs at the same intensity, respectively. Moreover, analysis of modulation characteristics of all-optical switching (A-OS) shows that the stronger the light intensity of the pump light is, the smaller the normalized transmittance is, and the lower the A-OS response time is. The consequences of such short lifetimes are also discussed in view of the strong A-OS properties of these molecules.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 9, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 10, 2013
Published: January 22, 2013

Citation
Chengbao Yao, Yundong Zhang, Wenjun Sun, Changqiu Yu, Jin Li, and Ping Yuan, "The lifetime of the triplet excited state and modulation characteristics of all-optical switching in phenoxy-phthalocyanines liquid," Opt. Express 21, 2212-2219 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-2-2212


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett.447(4-6), 274–278 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures5(2-3), 73–78 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Z. Henari, “Optical switching in organometallic phthalocyanine,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.3(3), 188–190 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. S. L. Fang, H. Tada, and S. Mashiko, “Enhancement of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in epitaxial vanadyl-phthalocyanine films grown on KBr,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(6), 767–769 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Wang, S. Zhang, P. Wu, C. Ye, H. Liu, and F. Xi, “Optical limiting properties of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett.340(3-4), 261–266 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Li, L. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Song, and Y. Wang, “Dynamics of reverse saturable absorption and all-optical switching in C60,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1356–1360 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “Dynamics of all-optical switching in C60 and its application to optical logic gates,” Opt. Eng.43, 426–431 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. C. B. Yao, E. Kponou, Y. D. Zhang, J. F. Wang, and P. Yuan, “Determination of the triplet state lifetime of C60 / toluene solution and C60 thin films by pump-probe method,” Opt. Photon. J.1(02), 81–84 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Abdeldayem, D. O. Frazier, and M. S. Paley, “An all-optical picosecond switch in polydiacetylene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(7), 1120–1123 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Xu, S. Guang, D. Xu, D. Yuan, Y. Bing, M. Jiang, Y. Song, and C. Li, “All-optical switching in new polydiacetylene,” Mater. Res. Bull.31(4), 351–354 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. C. P. Singh and S. Roy, “All-optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin based on M state dynamics and its application to photonic logic gates,” Opt. Commun.218(1-3), 55–66 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Roy, C. P. Singh, and K. P. J. Reddy, “Analysis of all optical switching in bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Sci.83, 623–627 (2002).
  13. S. Roy, P. Sharma, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “All-optical switching with bacteriorhodopsin,” Opt. Commun.237(4-6), 251–256 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Zhao, “Photonic switching based on the photo-induced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(12), 2028–2030 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. C. P. Singh, K. S. Bindra, B. Jain, and S. M. Oak, “All-optical switching characteristics of metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun.245(1-6), 407–414 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Wu, M. Lu, W. She, K. Yan, and Z. Huang, “All-optical switching effect in PVK-based optoelectronic composites,” Mater. Chem. Phys.83(1), 29–33 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast studies of excited-state dynamics of phthalocyanine and Zinc phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A101(18), 3207–3213 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. C. F. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. X. Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1149–1157 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron27(3), 1102–1110 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. L. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear optical properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines at 800 nm with femtosecond pulse excitation,” Opt. Express18(17), 17666–17671 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met.83(2), 111–116 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. D. Zhang, L. Ma, C. B. Yang, and P. Yuan, “Nonlinear-optical and optical limiting properties of phenoxy-phthalocyanines studied using the z-scan technique,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(04), 583–589 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited