OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 20 — Oct. 7, 2013
  • pp: 23425–23432

Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal

Jiakang Chen, Dunlu Sun, Jianqiao Luo, Huili Zhang, Renqin Dou, Jingzhong Xiao, Qingli Zhang, and Shaotang Yin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 23425-23432 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.023425


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1286 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a 968 nm diode end-pumped Er,Pr:GYSGG (Gd1.17Y1.83Sc2Ga3O12) laser at 2.79 μm operated in the pulse and continuous-wave (CW) modes. The lifetimes for the upper laser level 4I11/2 and lower level 4I13/2 are 0.52 and 0.60 ms, respectively. The laser produces 284 mW of power in the CW mode, corresponding to the optical-to-optical efficiency of 14.8% and slope efficiency of 17.4%. The maximum laser energy achieved is 2.4 mJ at a repetition rate of 50 Hz and pulse duration of 0.5 ms, corresponding to a peak power of 4.8 W and slope efficiency of 18.3%. These results suggest that doping deactivator Pr3+ ions can effectively decrease the lower-level lifetime and improve the laser efficiency.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.3500) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, erbium
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 13, 2013
Published: September 25, 2013

Citation
Jiakang Chen, Dunlu Sun, Jianqiao Luo, Huili Zhang, Renqin Dou, Jingzhong Xiao, Qingli Zhang, and Shaotang Yin, "Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal," Opt. Express 21, 23425-23432 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-20-23425


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Tempus, W. Luthy, H. P. Weber, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “2.79 µm YSGG:Cr:Er laser pumped at 790 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(11), 2608–2611 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Högele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm CrEr:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun.125(1–3), 90–94 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. K. L. Vodopyanov, “Mid-infrared optical parametric generator with extra-wide (3–19-µm) tunability: applications for spectroscopy of two-dimensional electrons in quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(9), 1579–1586 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. K. L. Vodopyanov, F. Ganikhanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, “ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator with 3.8-12.4- μm tunability,” Opt. Lett.25(11), 841–843 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.29(2), 426–434 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, Q. L. Zhang, J. Z. Xiao, W. P. Liu, S. F. Wang, H. H. Jiang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and radiation resistant properties of 2.7–2.8 μm Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth318(1), 669–673 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Gross, A. L. Denisove, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, U. Reimann, V. A. Smirnov, G. Huber, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Depopulation of lower laser level 4I13/2 Er3+ in YSGG:Cr:Er,” Laser Phys.1(1), 52–56 (1991).
  8. Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 215406 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Y. Tu, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Cr3+,Er3+, RE3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (RE=Tm,Ho,Eu) for mid-IR laser applications,” J. Lumin.132(3), 693–696 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Schneider, D. Hauschild, Ch. Frerichs, and L. Wetenkamp, “Highly efficient Er3+:Pr3+-codoped CW fluorozirconate fiber laser operating at 2.7 µm,” Int J Infrared Milli.15(11), 1907–1922 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. J. K. Chen, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, H. X. Kang, H. L. Zhang, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Spectroscopic, diode-pumped laser properties and gamma irradiation effect on Yb, Er, Ho:GYSGG crystals,” Opt. Lett.38(8), 1218–1220 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Unconversion versus Pr-deactivation for efficient 3 μm laser operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(4), 1197–1208 (1992). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Y. Zhang, J. L. Xu, G. J. Wang, J. L. He, W. J. Wang, Q. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and S. T. Yin, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of a disordered Nd:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Commun.284(24), 5734–5737 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, C. L. Sun, C. G. Zhang, Y. Y. Miao, R. Wang, D. G. Xu, F. Zhang, Q. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, and S. T. Yin, “Efficient diode-end-pumped dual-wavelength Nd, Gd:YSGG laser,” Opt. Lett.36(19), 3813–3815 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Y. Gao, Q. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, and S. T. Yin, “Energy levels fitting and crystal-field calculations of Nd3+ doped in GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Commun.285(21-22), 4420–4426 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. J. K. Chen, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, J. Z. Xiao, R. Q. Dou, and Q. L. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun.301–302, 84–87 (2013). [CrossRef]
  17. J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr,Er:YSGG laser at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys.18(10), 1124–1127 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. I. Sokólska, E. Heumann, S. Kück, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. B71(6), 893–896 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+and Yb3+ co-doped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.90(7), 3308–3313 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. D. G. Lancaster and J. M. Dawes, “Thermal-lens measurement of a quasi steady-state repetitively flashlamp-pumped Cr,Tm,Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.30(2), 103–108 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. B. J. Dinerman and P. F. Moulton, “3- µm cw laser operations in erbium-doped YSGG, GGG, and YAG,” Opt. Lett.19(15), 1143–1145 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. B. J. Dinerman, J. Harrison, and P. F. Moulton, Continuous wave and pulsed laser operation at 3 μm in Er3+-doped crystals, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994) pp. 168–170.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited