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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 20 — Oct. 7, 2013
  • pp: 23640–23654

Finite-size limitations on Quality Factor of guided resonance modes in 2D Photonic Crystals

Jon Olav Grepstad, Martin M. Greve, Bodil Holst, Ib-Rune Johansen, Olav Solgaard, and Aasmund Sudbø  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 23640-23654 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.023640


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Abstract

High-Q guided resonance modes in two-dimensional photonic crystals, enable high field intensity in small volumes that can be exploited to realize high performance sensors. We show through simulations and experiments how the Q-factor of guided resonance modes varies with the size of the photonic crystal, and that this variation is due to loss caused by scattering of in-plane propagating modes at the lattice boundary and coupling of incident light to fully guided modes that exist in the homogeneous slab outside the lattice boundary. A photonic crystal with reflecting boundaries, realized by Bragg mirrors with a band gap for in-plane propagating modes, has been designed to suppress these edge effects. The new design represents a way around the fundamental limitation on Q-factors for guided resonances in finite photonic crystals. Results are presented for both simulated and fabricated structures.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: July 1, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 15, 2013
Published: September 27, 2013

Citation
Jon Olav Grepstad, Martin M. Greve, Bodil Holst, Ib-Rune Johansen, Olav Solgaard, and Aasmund Sudbø, "Finite-size limitations on Quality Factor of guided resonance modes in 2D Photonic Crystals," Opt. Express 21, 23640-23654 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-20-23640


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