OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 20 — Oct. 7, 2013
  • pp: 24231–24239

Development of high-density single-mode polymer waveguides with low crosstalk for chip-to-chip optical interconnection

Akio Sugama, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Motoyuki Nishizawa, Hidenobu Muranaka, and Yasuhiko Arakawa  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 24231-24239 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1875 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



High-density single-mode polymer waveguides were fabricated for chip-to-chip optical interconnection. The waveguides were designed as minimized mode field diameters for the lowest inter-channel crosstalk caused by mode coupling. The optimum relative index difference chosen was 1.2% to ensure compatibility with low crosstalk and wide fabrication tolerances. The 60-mm-length linear waveguides demonstrated a low propagation loss of 0.6 dB/cm and −45 dB crosstalk at 1310 nm. Also, a new crosstalk mechanism for a curved waveguide was revealed.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: April 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 20, 2013
Published: October 3, 2013

Akio Sugama, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Motoyuki Nishizawa, Hidenobu Muranaka, and Yasuhiko Arakawa, "Development of high-density single-mode polymer waveguides with low crosstalk for chip-to-chip optical interconnection," Opt. Express 21, 24231-24239 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Alduino, L. Liao, R. Jones, M. Morse, B. Kim, W. Lo, J. Basak, B. Koch, H. Liu, H. Rong, M. Sysak, C. Krause, R. Saba, D. Lazar, L. Horwitz, R. Bar, S. Litski, A. Liu, K. Sullivan, O. Dosunmu, N. Na, T. Yin, F. Haubensack, I. Hsieh, J. Heck, R. Beatty, H. Park, J. Bovington, S. Lee, H. Nguyen, H. Au, K. Nguyen, P. Merani, M. Hakami, and M. Paniccia, “Demonstration of a high speed 4-channel integrated silicon photonics WDM link with hybrid silicon lasers” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics, Technical Digest (online)) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDIWI5.
  2. Y. Urino, T. Shimizu, M. Okano, N. Hatori, M. Ishizaka, T. Yamamoto, T. Baba, T. Akagawa, S. Akiyama, T. Usuki, D. Okamoto, M. Miura, M. Noguchi, J. Fujikata, D. Shimura, H. Okayama, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, E. Saito, T. Nakamura, and Y. Arakawa, “First demonstration of high density optical interconnects integrated with lasers, optical modulators and photodetectors on a single silicon substrate” in European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.9.LeSaleve.4. [CrossRef]
  3. U. Streppel, P. Dannberg, C. Wachter, A. Brauer, L. Frohlich, R. Houbertz, and M. Popall, “New wafer-scale fabrication method for stacked optical waveguide interconnects and 3D micro-optic structures using photoresponsive (inorganic–organic hybrid) polymers,” Opt. Mater.21(1-3), 475–483 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. R. D. Williams, T. Sze, D. Huang, S. Pannala, and C. Fang, “Server memory roadmap” presented at JEDEC Server Memory Forum Shenzhen, China, 1 Mar. 2012. http://www.jedec.org/sites/default/files/Ricki_Dee_Williams-Final_0.pdf
  5. International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, Assembly & Packaging, 2012 Tables, http://www.itrs.net/Links/2012ITRS/2012Tables/AssemblyPkg_2012Tables.xlsx
  6. S. Somekh, E. Garmire, A. Yariv, H. L. Garvin, and R. G. Hunsperger, “Channel optical waveguides and directional couplers in GaAs-imbedded and ridged,” Appl. Opt.13(2), 327–330 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. A. J. Marcatili, “Dielectric rectangular waveguide and directional coupler for integrated optics,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.48(7), 2071–2102 (1969). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Tang, R. T. Chen, and M. A. Peskin, “Packing density and interconnection length of a highly parallel optical interconnect using polymer-based, single-mode bus arrays,” Opt. Eng.33(5), 1581–1586 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Watanabe, M. Hikita, M. Amano, Y. Shuto, and S. Tomaru, “Vertically stacked coupler and serially grafted waveguide: hybrid waveguide structures formed using an electro-optic polymer,” J. Appl. Phys.83(2), 639–649 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Cai, C. Chen, C. Lee, and T. Wang, “Study of coupling length of concentrically curved waveguides,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 80–85 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Takenobu and Y. Morizawa, “Long spiral optical waveguides using ultra low loss perfluorinated polymer for optical interconnect” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD)) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper JThA24. [CrossRef]
  12. S. Takenobu, “Low loss heat resistant fluorinated polymer optical waveguides for optical interconnects” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD)) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMV3. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited