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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 24647–24664

Single shot speckle and coherence analysis of the hard X-ray free electron laser LCLS

Sooheyong Lee, W. Roseker, C. Gutt, B. Fischer, H. Conrad, F. Lehmkühler, I. Steinke, D. Zhu, H. Lemke, M. Cammarata, D.M. Fritz, P. Wochner, M. Castro-Colin, S. O. Hruszkewycz, P. H. Fuoss, G. B. Stephenson, G. Grübel, and A. Robert  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 24647-24664 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.024647


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Abstract

The single shot based coherence properties of hard x-ray pulses from the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) were measured by analyzing coherent diffraction patterns from nano-particles and gold nanopowder. The intensity histogram of the small angle x-ray scattering ring from nano-particles reveals the fully transversely coherent nature of the LCLS beam with a number of transverse mode 〈Ms〉 = 1.1. On the other hand, the speckle contrasts measured at a large wavevector yields information about the longitudinal coherence of the LCLS radiation after a silicon (111) monochromator. The quantitative agreement between our data and the simulation confirms a mean coherence time of 2.2 fs and a x-ray pulse duration of 29 fs. Finally the observed reduction of the speckle contrast generated by x-rays with pulse duration longer than 30 fs indicates ultrafast dynamics taking place at an atomic length scale prior to the permanent sample damage.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(030.0030) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence and statistical optics
(140.2600) Lasers and laser optics : Free-electron lasers (FELs)
(300.6480) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, speckle

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 22, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 15, 2013
Published: October 8, 2013

Citation
Sooheyong Lee, W. Roseker, C. Gutt, B. Fischer, H. Conrad, F. Lehmkühler, I. Steinke, D. Zhu, H. Lemke, M. Cammarata, D.M. Fritz, P. Wochner, M. Castro-Colin, S. O. Hruszkewycz, P. H. Fuoss, G. B. Stephenson, G. Grübel, and A. Robert, "Single shot speckle and coherence analysis of the hard X-ray free electron laser LCLS," Opt. Express 21, 24647-24664 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-21-24647


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