OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 24665–24673

Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers

T.L. Feng, S.Z. Zhao, K.J. Yang, G.Q. Li, D.C. Li, J. Zhao, W.C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J.L. He, L.H. Zheng, Q.G. Wang, X.D. Xu, L.B. Su, and J. Xu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 24665-24673 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.024665


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1143 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have investigated the lasing characteristics of Tm:LSO crystal in three operation regimes: continuous wave (CW), wavelength tunable and passive Q-switching based on graphene. In CW regime, a maximum output power of 0.65 W at 2054.9 nm with a slope efficiency of 21% was achieved. With a quartz plate, a broad wavelength tunable range of 145 nm was obtained, corresponding to a FWHM of 100 nm. By using a graphene saturable absorber mirror, the passively Q-switched Tm:LSO laser produced pulses with duration of 7.8 μs at 2030.8 nm under a repetition rate of 7.6 kHz, corresponding to pulse energy of 14.0 μJ.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(140.3538) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, pulsed

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 23, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 16, 2013
Published: October 8, 2013

Citation
T.L. Feng, S.Z. Zhao, K.J. Yang, G.Q. Li, D.C. Li, J. Zhao, W.C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J.L. He, L.H. Zheng, Q.G. Wang, X.D. Xu, L.B. Su, and J. Xu, "Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers," Opt. Express 21, 24665-24673 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-21-24665


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 253–255 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-μm pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B17(5), 723–728 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Bromberger, K. J. Yang, D. Heinecke, T. Dekorsy, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Comparative investigations on continuous wave operation of a-cut and b-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 lasers at room temperature,” Opt. Express19(7), 6505–6513 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Li, S. H. Yang, C. M. Zhao, H. Y. Zhang, and W. Xie, “High efficient single-frequency output at 1991 nm from a diode-pumped Tm:YAP coupled cavity,” Opt. Express18(12), 12161–12167 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. H. Yu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, and M. Tonelli, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:LiLuF4 laser with 1.26 mJ output energy,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2544–2546 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Q. Yao, Y. Z. Wang, Y. L. Ju, and W. J. He, “Performance of AO Q-switched Tm,Ho:GdVO4laser pumped by a 794nm laser diode,” Opt. Express13(13), 5157–5162 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(2), 102–104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys.20(1), 205–208 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. J. R. Yu, B. C. Trieu, E. A. Modlin, U. N. Singh, M. J. Kavaya, S. S. Chen, Y. X. Bai, P. J. Petzar, and M. Petros, “1 J/pulse Q-switched 2 µm solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett.31(4), 462–464 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Wang, H. Teng, Y. W. Zou, Z. G. Zhang, D. H. Li, R. Wang, C. Q. Gao, J. J. Lin, L. W. Guo, and Z. Y. Wei, “Graphene on SiC as a Q-switcher for a 2 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(3), 395–397 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, “Passive Q-switching of the Tm-silica fibre laser near 2.l μm by a Cr2+:ZnSe saturable absorber crystal,” Opt. Commun.248(4-6), 501–508 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express18(13), 13574–13579 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B93(4), 787–791 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, J. Strait, P. George, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, D. Veksler, and Y. Q. Chen, “Measurement of the optical absorption spectra of epitaxial graphene from terahertz to visible,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(13), 131905 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. G. C. Xing, H. C. Guo, X. H. Zhang, T. C. Sum, and C. H. Huan, “The Physics of ultrafast saturable absorption in graphene,” Opt. Express18(5), 4564–4573 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 031106 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express19(10), 9995–10000 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. J. Yang, H. Bromberger, D. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, H. Schäfer, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Efficient continuous wave and passively mode-locked Tm-doped crystalline silicate laser,” Opt. Express20(17), 18630–18635 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, and C. Wyon, “Efficient 2.05 µm room temperature Y2SiO5:Tm3+ CW laser,” Opt. Commun.101(5–6), 356–360 (1993). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Xu, L. H. Zheng, K. J. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm: Sc2SiO5 crystal,” Advances in Optical Materials, Optical Society of America (2012).
  22. S. Zhuang, D. Li, X. Xu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, J. Xu, L. Chen, Y. Zhao, L. Guo, and X. Xu, “Continuous-wave and actively Q-switched Nd:LSO crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. B107(1), 41–45 (2012). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, “Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping,” Appl. Phys. B80(2), 171–176 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Z. Y. Hua, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of spectra and experimental evaluation of laser performance of Tm3+ doped Lu2SiO5 crystal,” Chin. Phys. B.17(10), 3635–3639 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. F. Thibault, D. Pelenc, F. Druon, Y. Zaouter, M. Jacquemet, and P. Georges, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb3+:Y2SiO5 and Yb3+:Lu2SiO5 high-power femtosecond laser operation,” Opt. Lett.31(10), 1555–1557 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. M. Duan, Y. Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Diode pumped room-temperature continuous wave Tm-doped Lu2SiO5 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(10), 714–718 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 µm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express2(6), 878–883 (2012). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Faoro, M. Kadankov, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Segura, and X. Mateos, “Passively Q-switched Tm: YLF laser,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1517–1519 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited