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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 24742–24752

Doping concentration induced phase transition in Eu3+-doped β-PbF2 nano-particles

Hui Guo, Hua Yu, Xinxing Zhang, Lifen Chang, Zijian Lan, Yiming Li, and Lijuan Zhao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 24742-24752 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.024742


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Abstract

Europium doped β-PbF2 nano-particles with different doping concentration are prepared to investigate the site structure of Eu3+ dopants. It is concluded that the site symmetry of Eu3+ dopants in β-PbF2 nano-particles lowers from Oh to D4h with the increase of doping concentration. By X-ray diffraction analysis and photoluminescence spectroscopy study, a doping concentration induced phase transition from lowly doped cubic Pb3EuF9 to highly doped tetragonal PbEuF5 is detected. The intermediate phase of moderately doped nano-particles, which contains both phases mentioned above, is observed for the first time. Moreover, the temperature-dependent intermediate phase analysis suggests that the tetragonal phase is more stable than the cubic phase, which is also confirmed by the first-principle calculations. Our results suggest that the doping concentration induced phase transition in β-PbF2 nano-particles can be used for understanding other Lanthanide-doped nano-particle systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 30, 2013
Published: October 9, 2013

Citation
Hui Guo, Hua Yu, Xinxing Zhang, Lifen Chang, Zijian Lan, Yiming Li, and Lijuan Zhao, "Doping concentration induced phase transition in Eu3+-doped β-PbF2 nano-particles," Opt. Express 21, 24742-24752 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-21-24742


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