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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25010–25025

Femtosecond spatial pulse shaping at the focal plane

Ó. Martínez-Matos, P. Vaveliuk, J. G. Izquierdo, and V. Loriot  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25010-25025 (2013)

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Spatial shaping of ultrashort laser beams at the focal plane is theoretically analyzed. The description of the pulse is performed by its expansion in terms of Laguerre-Gaussian orthonormal modes. This procedure gives both a comprehensive interpretation of the propagation dynamics and the required signal to encode onto a spatial light modulator for spatial shaping, without using iterative algorithms. As an example, pulses with top-hat and annular spatial profiles are designed and their dynamics analyzed. The interference of top-hat pulses is also investigated finding potential applications in high precision pump-probe experiments (without using delay lines) and for the creation of subwavelength ablation patterns. In addition, a novel class of ultrashort pulses possessing non-stationary orbital angular momentum is also proposed. These exotic pulses provide additional degrees of freedom that open up new perspectives in fields such as laser-matter interaction and micro-machining.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping
(090.1995) Holography : Digital holography
(070.7145) Fourier optics and signal processing : Ultrafast processing
(070.6120) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: July 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 25, 2013
Published: October 11, 2013

Ó. Martínez-Matos, P. Vaveliuk, J. G. Izquierdo, and V. Loriot, "Femtosecond spatial pulse shaping at the focal plane," Opt. Express 21, 25010-25025 (2013)

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