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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25148–25158

Complete Stokes polarimetry of magneto-optical Faraday effect in a terbium gallium garnet crystal at cryogenic temperatures

Hassaan Majeed, Amrozia Shaheen, and Muhammad Sabieh Anwar  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25148-25158 (2013)

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We report the complete determination of the polarization changes caused in linearly polarized incident light due to propagation in a magneto-optically active terbium gallium garnet (TGG) single crystal, at temperatures ranging from 6.3 to 300 K. A 28-fold increase in the Verdet constant of the TGG crystal is seen as its temperature decreases to 6.3 K. In contrast with polarimetry of light emerging from a Faraday material at room temperature, polarimetry at cryogenic temperatures cannot be carried out using the conventional fixed polarizer-analyzer technique because the assumption that ellipticity is negligible becomes increasingly invalid as temperature is lowered. It is shown that complete determination of light polarization in such a case requires the determination of its Stokes parameters, otherwise inaccurate measurements will result with negative implications for practical devices.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.2130) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Ellipsometry and polarimetry
(120.6810) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Thermal effects
(230.2240) Optical devices : Faraday effect
(230.3810) Optical devices : Magneto-optic systems

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: July 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 7, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 13, 2013
Published: October 15, 2013

Hassaan Majeed, Amrozia Shaheen, and Muhammad Sabieh Anwar, "Complete Stokes polarimetry of magneto-optical Faraday effect in a terbium gallium garnet crystal at cryogenic temperatures," Opt. Express 21, 25148-25158 (2013)

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