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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25210–25220

Ultrabroadband supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation in bulk solids with two optical-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm

Julius Darginavičius, Donatas Majus, Vytautas Jukna, Nail Garejev, Gintaras Valiulis, Arnaud Couairon, and Audrius Dubietis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25210-25220 (2013)

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We report on the generation of ultrabroadband supercontinuum (SC) by filamentation of two optical-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm in fused silica, sapphire, CaF2 and YAG. The SC spectra extend from 450 nm to more than 2500 nm, and their particular shapes depend on dispersive properties of the materials. Prior to spectral super-broadening, we observe third-harmonic generation, which occurs in the condition of large phase and group velocity mismatch and consists of free and driven components. A double-peaked third-harmonic structure coexists with the SC pulse as demonstrated by the numerical simulations and verified experimentally. The SC pulses have stable carrier envelope phase with short-term rms fluctuations of ∼ 300 mrad, as simultaneously measured in YAG crystal by f-2f and f-3f interferometry, where the latter makes use of intrinsic third-harmonic generation.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: June 17, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 19, 2013
Published: October 15, 2013

Julius Darginavičius, Donatas Majus, Vytautas Jukna, Nail Garejev, Gintaras Valiulis, Arnaud Couairon, and Audrius Dubietis, "Ultrabroadband supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation in bulk solids with two optical-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm," Opt. Express 21, 25210-25220 (2013)

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