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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 22 — Nov. 4, 2013
  • pp: 26244–26260

Three-dimensional multi-photon direct laser writing with variable repetition rate

Joachim Fischer, Jonathan B. Mueller, Johannes Kaschke, Thomas J. A. Wolf, Andreas-Neil Unterreiner, and Martin Wegener  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 22, pp. 26244-26260 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.026244


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Abstract

We perform multi-photon direct laser writing as a function of laser repetition rate over many orders of magnitude and otherwise unchanged experimental conditions. These new data serve as basis for investigating the influence of different proposed mechanisms involved in the photopolymerization: two-photon absorption, photoionization, avalanche ionization and heat accumulation. We find different non-linearities for high and low repetition rates consistent with different initiation processes being involved. The scaling of the resulting linewidths, however, is neither expected nor found to depend on repetition rate or non-linearity.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(350.3450) Other areas of optics : Laser-induced chemistry
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

History
Original Manuscript: August 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 15, 2013
Published: October 25, 2013

Citation
Joachim Fischer, Jonathan B. Mueller, Johannes Kaschke, Thomas J. A. Wolf, Andreas-Neil Unterreiner, and Martin Wegener, "Three-dimensional multi-photon direct laser writing with variable repetition rate," Opt. Express 21, 26244-26260 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-22-26244


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