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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 22 — Nov. 4, 2013
  • pp: 27460–27480

Plasmonic enhancement of the third order nonlinear optical phenomena: Figures of merit

Jacob B. Khurgin and Greg Sun  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 22, pp. 27460-27480 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.027460


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Abstract

Recent years have seen increased interest in the plasmonic enhancement of nonlinear optical effects, yet there remains an uncertainty as to the limits of this enhancement. We present a simple and physically transparent theory for the plasmonic enhancement of third order nonlinear optical processes and show that while a huge enhancement of the effective nonlinear index can be attained, the most relevant figure of merit, the phase shift per one absorption length, remains very low. This suggests that while nonlinear plasmonic materials are not suitable for applications requiring high efficiency, for example in all-optical switching and wavelength conversion, they can be very useful for applications where overall high efficiency is not critical, such as in sensing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(190.4223) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear wave mixing
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:
Plasmonics

History
Original Manuscript: August 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 16, 2013
Published: November 4, 2013

Virtual Issues
Surface Plasmon Photonics (2013) Optics Express

Citation
Jacob B. Khurgin and Greg Sun, "Plasmonic enhancement of the third order nonlinear optical phenomena: Figures of merit," Opt. Express 21, 27460-27480 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-22-27460


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