OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Nov. 18, 2013
  • pp: 27622–27630

Design, fabrication and transmitted properties of terahertz paper photonic crystals

Wentao Zhang, Xian Lin, Zuanming Jin, Guohong Ma, and Minjian Zhong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 27622-27630 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1095 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The terahertz paper photonic crystals, including one-dimensional stacks, two-dimensional square and hexagonal lattices as well as three-dimensional body-centered cubic lattice, are designed and fabricated. Femtosecond laser direct writing is employed to process paper layers. The transmission properties of these photonic crystals in THz range are characterized using time-domain THz spectroscopy. The experimental results are in good agreement with the numerical simulations and well explained by the photonic band-structure calculated by the plane wave expansion method. Our results demonstrate that paper photonic crystals have a good performance on molding the flow of THz radiation. From another point of view, the fabrication method proposed in this work can be widely extended to manufacture different micro-structures on various materials.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: August 21, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 27, 2013
Published: November 4, 2013

Wentao Zhang, Xian Lin, Zuanming Jin, Guohong Ma, and Minjian Zhong, "Design, fabrication and transmitted properties of terahertz paper photonic crystals," Opt. Express 21, 27622-27630 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A Review on Terahertz Communications Research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terhz. Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging – Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.5(1), 124–166 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Wilmink and J. E. Grundt, “Invited Review Article: Current State of Research on Biological Effects of Terahertz Radiation,” J. Infrared Milli. Terhz. Waves32(10), 1074–1122 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.58(20), 2059–2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. John, “Strong Localization of Photons in Certain Disordered Dielectric Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett.58(23), 2486–2489 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University, 2008).
  7. C. Lin, C. Chen, G. J. Schneider, P. Yao, S. Shi, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, “Wavelength scale terahertz two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express12(23), 5723–5728 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Fekete, F. Kadlec, P. Kužel, and H. Němec, “Ultrafast opto-terahertz photonic crystal modulator,” Opt. Lett.32(6), 680–682 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Nĕmec, P. Kužel, L. Duvillaret, A. Pashkin, M. Dressel, and M. T. Sebastian, “Highly tunable photonic crystal filter for the terahertz range,” Opt. Lett.30(5), 549–551 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Dungchai, O. Chailapakul, and C. S. Henry, “Electrochemical Detection for Paper-Based Microfluidics,” Anal. Chem.81(14), 5821–5826 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. P. Comer, “Semiquantitative Specific Test Paper for Glucose in Urine,” Anal. Chem.28(11), 1748–1750 (1956). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Macgillivray and J. E. Tovey, “A Study of the Serum Protein Changes in Pregnancy and Toxaemia, Using Paper Strip Eectrophoresis,” BJOG64(3), 361–364 (1957). [CrossRef]
  13. D. A. Bruzewicz, M. Reches, and G. M. Whitesides, “Low-Cost Printing of Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Barriers To Define Microchannels in Paper,” Anal. Chem.80(9), 3387–3392 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. W. Martinez, S. T. Phillips, M. J. Butte, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterned Paper as a Platform for Inexpensive, Low-Volume, Portable Bioassays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(8), 1318–1320 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater.20(1), 28–35 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Tao, L. R. Chieffo, M. A. Brenckle, S. M. Siebert, M. Liu, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and F. G. Omenetto, “Metamaterials on Paper as a Sensing Platform,” Adv. Mater.23(28), 3197–3201 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. Scherger, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, S. T. Cundiff, and M. Koch, “Paper terahertz wave plates,” Opt. Express19(25), 24884–24889 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. C. Guo, W. M. Liu, and S. H. Tang, “Terahertz time-domain studies of far-infrared dielectric response in 5 mol % MgO: LiNbO3 ferroelectric single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.102(3), 033105 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, “Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: The triangular lattice,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter44(16), 8565–8571 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. M. Ho, C. T. Chan, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Existence of a Photonic Gap in Periodic Dielectric Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.65(25), 3152–3155 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited