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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Nov. 18, 2013
  • pp: 27891–27904

A simple optical model to estimate suspended particulate matter in Yellow River Estuary

Zhongfeng Qiu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 27891-27904 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.027891


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Abstract

Distribution of the suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentration is a key issue for analyzing the deposition and erosion variety of the estuary and evaluating the material fluxes from river to sea. Satellite remote sensing is a useful tool to investigate the spatial variation of SPM concentration in estuarial zones. However, algorithm developments and validations of the SPM concentrations in Yellow River Estuary (YRE) have been seldom performed before and therefore our knowledge on the quality of retrieval of SPM concentration is poor. In this study, we developed a new simple optical model to estimate SPM concentration in YRE by specifying the optimal wavelength ratios (600-710 nm)/ (530-590 nm) based on observations of 5 cruises during 2004 and 2011. The simple optical model was attentively calibrated and the optimal band ratios were selected for application to multiple sensors, 678/551 for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), 705/560 for the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) and 680/555 for the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI). With the simple optical model, the relative percentage difference and the mean absolute error were 35.4% and 15.6 gm−3 respectively for MODIS, 42.2% and 16.3 gm−3 for MERIS, and 34.2% and 14.7 gm−3 for GOCI, based on an independent validation data set. Our results showed a good precision of estimation for SPM concentration using the new simple optical model, contrasting with the poor estimations derived from existing empirical models. Providing an available atmospheric correction scheme for satellite imagery, our simple model could be used for quantitative monitoring of SPM concentrations in YRE.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7340) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Water
(010.1690) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Color
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 25, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 1, 2013
Published: November 6, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Zhongfeng Qiu, "A simple optical model to estimate suspended particulate matter in Yellow River Estuary," Opt. Express 21, 27891-27904 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-23-27891


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