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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 24 — Dec. 2, 2013
  • pp: 29165–29178

Efficient second harmonic generation using nonlinear substrates patterned by nano-antenna arrays

Doron Bar-Lev and Jacob Scheuer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 24, pp. 29165-29178 (2013)

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We study theoretically various design considerations for efficient generation of second harmonic using a nonlinear substrate patterned with nano-antennas. The analysis is focused on a gap Bowtie nano-antenna array recessed in LiNbO3 which is shown to be preferable over on surface structures due to field enhancement, field profile and linear and non-linear polarization considerations. In addition, we develop the nano-antenna counterpart of the Boyd-Klienmann model in order to analyze the impact of a Gaussian shaped fundamental beam on the generated second harmonic. Finally, we show that the dielectric properties of the substrate lead to preferable directions for the incident fundamental harmonic and the emission of the second harmonic. Our analyses lead to several design rules which can enhance second and high harmonic generation from nano-antennas arrays by several orders of magnitude.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: September 3, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 17, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 17, 2013
Published: November 18, 2013

Doron Bar-Lev and Jacob Scheuer, "Efficient second harmonic generation using nonlinear substrates patterned by nano-antenna arrays," Opt. Express 21, 29165-29178 (2013)

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