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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 24 — Dec. 2, 2013
  • pp: 29968–29978

Cathodoluminescence Microscopy of nanostructures on glass substrates

Angela C. Narváez, I. Gerward C. Weppelman, Robert J. Moerland, Nalan Liv, A. Christiaan Zonnevylle, Pieter Kruit, and Jacob P. Hoogenboom  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 24, pp. 29968-29978 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.029968


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Abstract

Cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy is an emerging analysis technique in the fields of biology and photonics, where it is used for the characterization of nanometer sized structures. For these applications, the use of transparent substrates might be highly preferred, but the detection of CL from nanostructures on glass is challenging because of the strong background generated in these substrates and the relatively weak CL signal from the nanostructures. We present an imaging system for highly efficient CL detection through the substrate using a high numerical aperture objective lens. This system allows for detection of individual nano-phosphors down to thirty nanometer in size as well as the up to ninth order plasmon resonance modes of a gold nanowire on ITO coated glass. We analyze the CL signal-to-background dependence on the primary electron beam energy and discuss different approaches to minimize its influence on the measurement.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.6280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(180.0180) Microscopy : Microscopy
(250.1500) Optoelectronics : Cathodoluminescence
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:
Microscopy

History
Original Manuscript: July 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 31, 2013
Published: November 27, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Angela C. Narváez, I. Gerward C. Weppelman, Robert J. Moerland, Nalan Liv, A. Christiaan Zonnevylle, Pieter Kruit, and Jacob P. Hoogenboom, "Cathodoluminescence Microscopy of nanostructures on glass substrates," Opt. Express 21, 29968-29978 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-24-29968


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