OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 24 — Dec. 2, 2013
  • pp: 30000–30006

Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator

Qiang Wang, Li Huo, Yanfei Xing, Caiyun Lou, and Bingkun Zhou  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 24, pp. 30000-30006 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3266 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme for clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold optical time-division demultiplexing using a dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator based optoelectronic oscillator. 25-GHz prescaled optical clock with a 23% duty cycle and a 22-dB extinction ratio is successfully extracted from both 100-Gb/s on-off keying (OOK) and differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) optical time-division-multiplexing (OTDM) signal. The timing jitters (100 Hz to 10 MHz) are measured to be 195.9 fs and 125.6 fs for the optical clock extracted from the 100-Gb/s OOK and DPSK signal, respectively. Error-free optical time-division demultiplexing is also achieved simultaneously with clock recovery. By adjusting the phase shifter in the OEO loop, all four channels can be selectively demultiplexed. The power penalties at a bit error rate (BER) of 10−9 for the four demultiplexed channels are measured to be between 0.8 dB and 1.2 dB for the OOK signal and between 0.9 dB and 1.5 dB for the DPSK signal.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(230.4910) Optical devices : Oscillators
(250.4110) Optoelectronics : Modulators

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 7, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 20, 2013
Published: November 27, 2013

Qiang Wang, Li Huo, Yanfei Xing, Caiyun Lou, and Bingkun Zhou, "Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator," Opt. Express 21, 30000-30006 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Calabretta, J. Luo, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, and H. J. S. Dorren, “320 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery and time demultiplexing enabled by a single quantum dash mode-locked laser Fabry-Perot optical clock pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4D.5. [CrossRef]
  2. B. K. Mathason and P. J. Delfyett, “Pulsed injection locking dynamics of passively mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor laser systems for all-optical clock recovery,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(8), 1111–1120 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuO3. [CrossRef]
  4. S. Pan and J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(16), 3531–3539 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Chou, Z. Hu, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, and M. Usami, “Simultaneous 160-Gb/s demultiplexing and clock recovery by utilizing microwave harmonic frequencies in a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.16(2), 608–610 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. N. Jia, T. Li, K. Zhong, J. Sun, M. Wang, and J. Li, “Simultaneous clock enhancing and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using two bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(21), 1615–1617 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.15(7), 1008–1010 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.17(7), 1534–1536 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Pan and J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1460–1468 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Tsuchida, “Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.20(17), 1509–1511 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Tsuchida, “Simultaneous prescaled clock recovery and serial-to-parallel conversion of data signals using a polarization modulator-based optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(17), 3777–3782 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yu, K. Kojima, and N. Chand, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery of 80 Gb/s OTDM signals using a tandem electro-absorption modulator,” in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, San Diego, 2001), pp. 358–359.
  13. L. Yan, W. Jian, J. Yu, K. Deming, L. Wei, H. Xiaobin, G. Hongxiang, Z. Yong, and L. Jintong, “Generation and performance investigation of 40GHz phase stable and pulse width-tunable optical time window based on a DPMZM,” Opt. Express20(22), 24754–24760 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. Huo, H. Li, Q. Wang, and C. Lou, “4 x 25-GHz 2-ps multicolor ultrashort pulse generation with a single phase modulator and Mamyshev reshaper,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.122. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited