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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 25 — Dec. 16, 2013
  • pp: 30358–30369

Transmission of O-band wavelength-division-multiplexed heralded photons over a noise-corrupted optical fiber channel

Mao Tong Liu and Han Chuen Lim  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 25, pp. 30358-30369 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.030358


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Abstract

We transmitted O-band heralded photons over 10 km of optical fiber in a proof-of-concept experiment demonstrating the feasibility of using heralded photons to improve the noise tolerance of quantum key distribution. In our experiment, the optical fiber channel was corrupted by noise photons to the extent that if we had used an attenuated laser as the photon source, a photon signal-to-noise ratio of < 4.0 at the receiver, corresponding to a quantum bit-error rate of > 10.0%, would have prevented the effective generation of secure keys. Using a photon heralding scheme, the photon signal-to-noise ratio in our experiment was shown to be > 7.8. This corresponds to a quantum bit-error rate of < 5.7%, which is good enough for distilling secure keys. In addition, we showed that it is possible to incorporate wavelength-division-multiplexing into the photon heralding scheme to improve overall key rate. We discussed and clarified the prospects and limitations of the photon heralding scheme for noise-tolerant quantum key distribution.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications
(270.5568) Quantum optics : Quantum cryptography

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 15, 2013
Published: December 3, 2013

Citation
Mao Tong Liu and Han Chuen Lim, "Transmission of O-band wavelength-division-multiplexed heralded photons over a noise-corrupted optical fiber channel," Opt. Express 21, 30358-30369 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-25-30358


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