OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 25 — Dec. 16, 2013
  • pp: 30370–30378

Double-prism domain PPLN for simultaneous laser Q-switching and optical parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 laser

J. F. Huang, W. K. Chang, H. P. Chung, S. S. Huang, J. W. Chang, and Y. H. Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 25, pp. 30370-30378 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1246 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a design and demonstration of an electro-optically Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator (IOPO) based on a unique ramped duty-cycle periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) in a diode-pumped 1064-nm Nd:YVO4 laser. The PPLN crystal, having a double-prism domain (DPD) structure with a domain period of 30 μm, can work simultaneously as an electro-optic (EO) beam deflector (and therefore an EO Q-switch in the laser cavity) and an optical parametric down converter. The characterized deflection sensitivity of the DPD PPLN device was 1.15°/kV-cm. At a 180-V Q-switching voltage and a 1-kHz switching rate, we measured a down-converted signal at 1550 nm with pulse energy of >8.1 μJ (or peak power of >2.3 kW) from the constructed IOPO at 7.5-W diode pump power. Continuous wavelength tuning of the IOPO signal was also demonstrated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: October 8, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 23, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2013
Published: December 3, 2013

J. F. Huang, W. K. Chang, H. P. Chung, S. S. Huang, J. W. Chang, and Y. H. Chen, "Double-prism domain PPLN for simultaneous laser Q-switching and optical parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 laser," Opt. Express 21, 30370-30378 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. J. Friel, R. S. Conroy, A. J. Kemp, B. D. Sinclair, and J. M. Ley, “Q-switching of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using a quadrupole electro-optic deflector,” Appl. Phys. B67(2), 267–270 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Y. Lin, S. T. Lin, G. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Chen, “Electro-optic periodically poled lithium niobate Bragg modulator as a laser Q-switch,” Opt. Lett.32(5), 545–547 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Taira and T. Kobayashi, “Intracavity frequency doubling and Q switching in diode-laser-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Opt.34(21), 4298–4301 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev.127(6), 1918–1939 (1962). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. H. Chen and Y. C. Huang, “Actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser using an electro-optic periodically poled lithium niobate crystal as a laser Q-switch,” Opt. Lett.28(16), 1460–1462 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. H. Chen, W. K. Chang, C. L. Chang, and C. H. Lin, “Single aperiodically poled lithium niobate for simultaneous laser Q switching and second-harmonic generation in a 1342 nm Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett.34(11), 1711–1713 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. K. Chang, Y. H. Chen, H. H. Chang, J. W. Chang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, and S. T. Lin, “Two-dimensional PPLN for simultaneous laser Q-switching and optical parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 Laser,” Opt. Express19(24), 23643–23651 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. T. Lin, G. W. Chang, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, A. C. Chiang, and Y. H. Chen, “Monolithically integrated laser Bragg Q-switch and wavelength converter in a PPLN crystal,” Opt. Express15(25), 17093–17098 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Djukic, R. Roth, J. T. Yardley, R. M. Osgood, S. Bakhru, and H. Bakhru, “Low-voltage planar-waveguide electrooptic prism scanner in crystal-ion-sliced thin-film LiNbO3,” Opt. Express12(25), 6159–6164 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Krishnamurthi, L. Tian, and V. Gopalan, “Design and simulation of planar electro-optic switches in ferroelectrics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(5), 052912 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal (Wiley, 1984), section 8.6.
  12. Q. Chen, Y. Chiu, D. N. Lambeth, T. E. Schlesinger, and D. D. Stancil, “Guided-wave electro-optic beam deflector using domain reversal in LiTaO3,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(8), 1401–1404 (1994). [CrossRef]
  13. D. H. Jundt, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett.22(20), 1553–1555 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. D. Zook, D. Chen, and C. N. Otto, “Temperature dependence and model of the electro-optic effect in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.11(5), 159–161 (1967). [CrossRef]
  15. L. E. Myers, Quasi-Phasematched Optical Parametric Oscillators in Bulk Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate, Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 1995).
  16. Y. Chiu, J. Zou, D. D. Stancil, and T. E. Schlesinger, “Shape-optimized electrooptic beam scanners: analysis, design, and simulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.17(1), 108–114 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.15(6), 415–431 (1979). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited